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Scale bar 10mm. Copyright CSIRO
Habit, leaves, flowers and fruit. Copyright CSIRO
10th leaf stage. Copyright CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, epigeal germination. Copyright CSIRO
Dichrocephala integrifolia (L.f.) Kuntze
Kuntze, C.E.O. (1891) Rev. Gen.: 333. Type: ?.
Hippia integrifolia L. f., Suppl. pl.: 389(1782), Type: India.
Usually flowers and fruits as a herb but also flowers as a shrub 1 m tall.
Leaf blades about 8-9 x 3.5-4 cm, hairy on both the upper and lower surfaces. Lateral veins about 4-7, depressed on the upper surface. Leaves can also be deeply dissected and +/- compound.
Inflorescence a panicle of globular heads, each head about 4-5 mm diam. Central flowers (about six) hermaphrodite and the marginal flowers female. Female flowers, corolla white. Hermaphrodite flowers, corolla green. Pollen yellow. Ovary 1 mm long. Globular style present at the apex of the ovary.
Cotyledons +/- orbicular, about 1-2 mm diam. First pair of leaves +/- orbicular, apex obtuse, base attenuate, margin usually toothed. Sparsely hairy. At the tenth leaf stage: leaves variable, sometimes simple and +/- cordate with coarsely toothed margins or somewhat dissected and irregularly compound with a large middle leaflet and a couple of much smaller sessile lateral leaflets. Both the upper and lower surfaces sparsely hairy. Stems marked with longitudinal lines and clothed in white or translucent septate hairs.
Distribution and Ecology
This species has been used medicinally in Polynesia. (http://www.mylifechoices.com/p_herb/dichrocephala _integrifolia.html)
This species has been used medicinally in Java. Cribb (1981).
Herb (herbaceous or woody, under 1 m tall)
Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)