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Leaves and fruit. Copyright B. Gray
10th leaf stage, with cotyledon still present. Copyright CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, epigeal germination. Copyright CSIRO
Scale bar 10mm. Copyright CSIRO
Dinosperma erythrococcum (F.Muell.) T.G.Hartley
Hartley, T.G. (1997) Adansonia Ser. 3 19: 196. Type: ?.
Melicope erythrococca (F.Muell.) Benth., Flora Australiensis 1: 360(1863), Type: ?. Euodia erythrococca F.Muell., Fragmenta Phytographiae Australiae 1: 28(1858), Type: Ad sinus Wide Bay et Moreton Bay. C. Moore, Hill & Mueller..
Tree to 23 m tall. Bark, when chewed, produces a peculiar tingling or numbing sensation in the tongue and lips. WARNING - Be careful of this test. If a different species is involved it may be toxic.
Leaflet blades about 7.5-8.5 x 2-3 cm, leaflet stalks about 0.1-0.7 cm long. Stalk of the terminal or middle leaflet much longer than those of the lateral leaflets. Leaflets aromatic when crushed. Leaves, when chewed, produce a peculiar tingling or numbing sensation in the tongue and lips. WARNING - Be careful of this test. If a different species is involved it may be very toxic.
Inflorescence usually exceeding the leaves. Calyx lobes about 1 mm long, gland dotted. Petals puberulent, about 3-3.5 mm long. Stamens eight, +/- uniform in length. Staminal filaments about 2-3 mm long, hairy, at least the lower half. Disk enclosing the lower half of the ovary. Style about 1 mm long, sparsely pubescent in the lower half.
Cotyledons reniform, about 12-15 mm wide. Oil dots numerous, visible with a lens. Several simple leaves produced before the first compound leaf. At the tenth leaf stage: leaf simple or compound, glabrous; oil dots may be just visible to the naked eye.
Distribution and Ecology
Endemic to Australia, occurs in CYP, NEQ and southwards to north-eastern New South Wales. Altitudinal range from 50-750 m. Grows in monsoon forest and drier, more seasonal rain forest often associated with Kauri Pine (Agathis robusta).
Food plant for the larval stages of the Orchard Butterfly. Common & Waterhouse (1981).
A handsome tree that occurs in drier rain forests. It has potential for use in tropical gardens.