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Scale bar 10mm. Copyright CSIRO
10th leaf stage. Copyright CSIRO
Fruit, three views, cross section and seed. Copyright W. T. Cooper
Fruit, side view and seed. Copyright W. T. Cooper
Cotyledon stage, epigeal germination. Copyright CSIRO
Diospyros compacta (R.Br.) Kosterm.
Kostermans, A.G.J.H. (1977) Blumea 23: 454. Type: ?.
Ebenus compacta (R.Br.) Kuntze, Revisio Generum Plantarum 2: 408(1891), Type: ?. Diospyros ferrea var. compacta (R.Br.) Fosberg, Brittonia 40: 61(1988), Type: ?. Maba compacta R.Br., Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandiae: 528(1810), Type: Australia, North Coast Island, Feb. 18, 21, 1803, R. Brown.
Australian ebony; Ebony, Australian
Grows into a tree but also flowers and fruits as a shrub. Bark on trees usually very dark, almost black.
Leaf blades thick, coarse and leathery, about 7-9.5 x 3.5-5 cm, petioles about 0.5-1 cm long.
Features not available.
Fruits globose, about 12 mm diam., calyx persistent at the base. Calyx glabrous on the outer surface but densely clothed in short +/- prostrate brown hairs on the inner surface. Seeds ellipsoid, about 7 x 5 mm. Embryo small, radicle 3-5 mm long, cotyledons flat, about 2.5 x 1.5 mm, wider than the radicle.
Cotyledons +/- orbicular, about 15-18 x 13-17 mm. First pair of leaves obovate. At the tenth leaf stage: leaf blades obovate, apex rounded or obtuse, base cuneate to attenuate. Lateral veins forming very indistinct loops well inside the leaf blade margin. Terminal bud clothed in brown or pale brown prostrate hairs. Roots very dark, almost black.
Distribution and Ecology
Endemic to Australia(?), occurs in NT, CYP, NEQ and southwards as far as coastal central Queensland. Altitudinal range small, usually close to sea level. Usually grows in beach forest or monsoon forest on islands or on the mainland close to the sea.
Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)