Click on images
Scale bar 10mm. Copyright CSIRO
Fruit. Copyright G. Sankowsky
10th leaf stage. Copyright CSIRO
Fruit. Copyright A. Ford & F. Goulter
Trunk. Copyright G. Sankowsky
Cotyledon stage, epigeal germination. Copyright CSIRO
Leaves, Fruit. Copyright G. Sankowsky
Diospyros geminata (R.Br.) F.Muell.
Mueller, F.J.H. von (1867) Intercolonial Exhibition Essays, 1866-67, No. 5. Australian Vegetation: 35. Type: ?.
Ebenus geminata (R.Br.) Kuntze, Revisio Generum Plantarum 2: 408(1891), Type: ?. Diospyros ferrea var. geminata (R.Br.) Bakh., Bulletin du Jardin Botanique de Buitenzorg Series 3 15: 58(1937), Type: ?. Maba geminata R.Br., Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandiae: 527(1810), Type: v.v.; Northern Australia, R. Brown.
Can grow into a small tree but also flowers and fruits as a shrub.
Inflorescence a short panicle. Male flowers: Flowers about 3-5 mm long. Calyx tube about 2.5-5 mm long, lobes about 1 mm long, clothed in short prostrate hairs. Corolla tube about 4-5 mm long, lobes about 2 mm long, densely hairy on the outer surface with long silky prostrate hairs on the upper half. Stamens nine (six in the outer whorl and three in the inner whorl). Anthers about 1-1.5 mm long. Rudimentary ovary hairy. Female flower features not available.
Cotyledons thick and leathery, ovate-elliptic, broadly ovate to orbicular, about 12-21 x 10-15 mm. Oil dots visible with a lens when viewed from the upper surface. One small hairy cataphyll often produced just above the cotyledons. First pair of leaves alternate, elliptic to obovate, margins smooth. At the tenth leaf stage: leaf blade obovate to elliptic, apex obtuse, base cuneate; the stem and terminal bud clothed in brown prostrate, medifixed hairs. Cataphylls sometimes present among the leaves. Roots black.
Distribution and Ecology
Occurs in NT, CYP, NEQ and southwards as far as south-eastern Queensland. Altitudinal range in northern Australia from near sea level to 700 m. Grows in monsoon forest, vine thickets, gallery forest and some of the drier types of rain forest. Also occurs in New Guinea.