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Scale bar 10mm. Copyright CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, epigeal germination. Copyright CSIRO
Diospyros maritima Blume
Blume, C.L. von (1827) Bijdragen tot de Flora van Nederlandsch Indie No. 7: 669. Type: ad littora australie Javae insulae.
Cargillia laxa R.Br., Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandiae: 526(1810), Type: Northern Australia, v.v., R. Brown. Cargillia megalocarpa F.Muell., Fragmenta Phytographiae Australiae 5: 163(1865), Type: Ad rupes Escape Cliffs terrae Arnhemicae. McKinlay & Hulls.
Ebony, Broad Leaved; Broad Leaved Ebony
Dead bark almost black, blaze darkens markedly on exposure.
Two large flat glands visible on the underside of the leaf blade near its junction with the petiole. Similar but smaller glands sometimes present elsewhere on the underside. Leaf blades about 10-20 x 5-8 cm. Midrib grooved or depressed on the upper surface. Lateral veins curving but forming only indistinct loops inside the blade margin.
Male flowers: Flowers about 8-13 mm diam. Outer surface of the calyx and corolla densely clothed in pale prostrate hairs. Calyx tube about 5 x 3 mm, lobes about 5 mm long, apices obtuse. Corolla tube about 8 mm long, lobes about 5-7 mm long. Anthers about 3 x 0.4 mm, filaments about 1.5 mm long. Stamens about 16-22, fused in pairs in two whorls. Female flower features not available.
Cotyledons cordate to ovate, about 25 x 15 mm. At the tenth leaf stage: leaves narrowly elliptic, much paler on the underside, midrib depressed on the upper surface; terminal bud clothed in dark brown hairs.
Distribution and Ecology
Occurs in WA, NT, CYP and NEQ. Altitudinal range from near sea level to about 30 m. Grows in monsoon forest but is particularly common in beach and similar forests close to sea level. Also occurs in New Guinea.
This species has been used as a fish poison in Vietnam. (http://squid2.laughingsquid.net/hosts/herbweb.com /herbage/A8924.htm)
Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)