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Leaves and Flowers. Copyright CSIRO
Dehiscing fruit, arillous seeds. Copyright CSIRO
Flowers. Copyright CSIRO
Fruit, side view, dehiscing and arillous seeds. Copyright W. T. Cooper
Cotyledon stage, hypogeal germination. Copyright CSIRO
10th leaf stage. Copyright CSIRO
Scale bar 10mm. Copyright CSIRO
Diploglottis bracteata Leenh.
Leenhouts, P.W. (1978) Blumea 24: 176. Type: L.S.Smith 10157, Queensland, Cook Dist., Gadgarra and Ghurka Pocket, 17 deg 17 S 145 deg 39 E, 5-9-1957; holo: L, iso: BRI?.
Boonjee Tamarind; Plum Tamarind; Tamarind, Boonjee; Tamarind, Plum; Tamarind
Trunk often slightly fluted. Blaze odour strong but difficult to describe.
Leafy twigs longitudinally grooved or striated. Young, partly expanded shoots almost white. Leaflet blades about 9.5-13 x 3-3.5 cm, leaflet stalks about 0.4-1.2 cm long. Midrib depressed, leaflet stalk channelled on the upper surface. Lateral veins about 11-14 on each side of the midrib, curving inside the blade margin but not forming definite loops. 'Oil dots' visible with a lens on the upper surface of the leaflet blade, some oil dots elongated and somewhat streaky. Upper surface of the compound leaf petiole very shallowly, but broadly channelled with each side of the petiole shortly winged.
Inflorescence pale, hairy and scurfy. Young inflorescence with conspicuous large bracts, about 5-35 x 2-7 mm. Flowers about 5-6 mm diam. Calyx shortly cupular, lobes five, ovate, subequal, flat, not concave. Fifth petal usually reduced. Disk orange, +/- surrounding the ovary. Stamens eight.
First pair of true leaves lanceolate to elliptic, opposite or sub-opposite. Midrib raised on the upper surface. At the tenth leaf stage: leaf blade elliptic, apex acuminate, +/- glabrous on both the upper and lower surfaces; lateral veins form loops inside the margin of the leaf blade; midrib raised on the upper surface. Terminal bud, petiole and stem clothed in very short hairs. Stem longitudinally grooved.
Distribution and Ecology
Endemic to NEQ, restricted to the area between Cairns and Innisfail and westwards to include the Atherton Tableland. Altitudinal range from sea level to 750 m. Grows in well developed rain forest on a variety of sites.
Aril eaten by Musky Rat-kangaroos, whole fruits eaten by cassowaries. Cooper & Cooper (1994).