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Fruit and dehiscing fruit. Copyright Stanley Breeden
Flowers and buds. Copyright Barry Jago
Fruit, dehiscing, arillous seeds and seed. Copyright W. T. Cooper
Fruiting habit and leaves. Copyright B. Gray
Scale bar 10mm. Copyright CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, hypogeal germination. Copyright CSIRO
10th leaf stage. Copyright CSIRO
Diploglottis diphyllostegia (F.Muell.) F.M.Bailey
Bailey, F.M. (1885) Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland 1: 148. Type: ?.
Diploglottis cunninghamii var. diphyllostegia J.F.Bailey, Queensland Agricultural Journal 5(4): 396(1899), Type: ?. Diploglottis cunninghamii var. muelleri F.M.Bailey, The Queensland Flora 1: 287(1899), Type: ?. Diploglottis australis var. muelleri (Bailey) Radlk., Engler's Das Pflanzenreich Heft 98: 1226(1933), Type: ?. Cupania diphyllostegia F.Muell., Fragmenta Phytographiae Australiae 5: 145(1865), Type: In silvis ad sinum Rockinghams Bay. J.Dallachy. Meunga Ck., 30 Sept. 1865, MEL. Fide Reynolds (1985).
Wild Tamarind; Tamarind, Northern; Northern Tamarind; Tamarind, Wild; Tamarind; Tamarind, Native; Native Tamarind
Sapwood surface corrugated. Lenticels small, 1 mm or less in diameter, exhibiting an extruded appearance.
Leaf bearing twigs, compound leaf rhachis and leaflet stalks clothed in erect, brown hairs. Leaf bearing twigs longitudinally grooved. Compound leaf rhachis with two grooves on the upper surface. Leaflet blades about 4.5-9 x 2-8 cm. Midrib raised and often hairy on the upper surface. Leaflet stalk short and swollen at its junction with the compound leaf rhachis.
Inflorescence usually with rusty hairs. Young inflorescence bracts about 3-7 x 1-3 mm. Flowers about 4-5 mm diam. Calyx shortly cupular, lobes five, ovate, subequal, flat, not concave. Fifth petal usually reduced. Disk yellow-orange, +/- horseshoe-shaped. Stamens eight.
Distribution and Ecology
Endemic to Queensland, occurs in CYP, NEQ and southwards as far as coastal central Queensland. Altitudinal range from near sea level to 900 m. Grows in well developed rain forest on a variety of sites but is probably more frequent in drier, more seasonal rain forest.
A commonly cultivated and attractive tree. Produces a dense shady crown and conspicuous crops of yellow fruits with orange arils.
The aril is edible and is sometimes used to make a refreshing drink.