Click on images
Scale bar 10mm. Copyright CSIRO
Fruit, three views and endocarp. Copyright W. T. Cooper
Flower. Copyright Barry Jago
Leaves and Flowers. Copyright B. Gray
10th leaf stage. Copyright CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, epigeal germination. Copyright CSIRO
Elaeocarpus bancroftii F.Muell.
Mueller, F.J.H. von (1886) Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland 2: 142. Type: On the Johnstone River; Dr.Bancroft, jun..
Bark rough on large trees and wood quite hard.
Leaf blades leathery, about 8-13 x 2.5-5 cm with about 5-8 lateral veins on each side of the midrib. Old leaves turn red prior to falling.
Fruits large, about 40 mm or more in diameter. Endocarp thick, hard and horny +/- circular in transverse section, three or 4-sutured. The rat-eaten remains of the seed coats (endocarp) are normally present beneath mature trees.
Cotyledons elongate, about 30-40 mm long, fleshy. At the tenth leaf stage: leaf blade elongate-elliptic, about 12-15 cm long, glabrous; margin crenate or serrate with about 12-18 teeth on each side of the leaf blade; stipules elongate-triangular, hairy on the outside.
Distribution and Ecology
Endemic to NEQ, widespread from near Cooktown southwards to about Tully. Altitudinal range from near sea level to 1200 m. Grows in well developed rain forest on a variety of sites.
Seeds were extracted and eaten by Aborigines and special 'Nut-stones' were sometimes left beneath the trees and used to crack the very hard endocarp.
A slow growing tree with horticultural potential for parks and larger gardens. Produces large white flowers.