Click on images
Scale bar 10mm. Copyright CSIRO
Leaves and fruits. Copyright CSIRO
Flowers. Copyright Barry Jago
Flower, bird's-eye view, tepals, anthers and some glands. Copyright CSIRO
Flower, oblique view, tepals & anther tips. Copyright CSIRO
Cotyledon and 1st leaf stage, hypogeal germination. Copyright CSIRO
10th leaf stage. Copyright CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, hypogeal germination. Copyright CSIRO
Seedling, cotyledons and 7 leaves, hypogeal germination. Copyright CSIRO
Endiandra compressa C.T.White
White, C.T. (1919) Queensland Department of Agriculture and Stock. Botany Bulletin 21: 14. Type: Imbil, F.H. Weatherhead;.
Queensland Greenheart; Greenheart; Whitebark
Twigs terete or slightly fluted, clothed in straight, appressed, pale brown hairs when young but soon becoming glabrous. Leaf blades green and glabrous on the underside. Leaf blades rather large, 12-25 x 6-9 cm. Lateral veins curving inside the blade margin but not always forming distinct loops. Midrib depressed or flush with the upper surface. Petioles flat or channelled on the upper surface. Oil dots visible with a lens.
Fruits laterally compressed, compressed globular or compressed pyriform, sometimes bilobed about 48-71 x 39-60 x 25-38 mm on the longer and shorter axis. Seed about 33-52 x 30-49 x 16-27 mm on the longer and shorter axis. Cotyledons cream to pink.
First pair of leaves narrowly elliptic, about 100-200 x 30-50 mm, green on the underside. At the tenth leaf stage: leaves glaucous on the upper and lower surfaces; oil dots clearly visible with a lens.
Distribution and Ecology
Endemic to Australia, occurs in NEQ and southwards as far as north-eastern New South Wales. Altitudinal range in NEQ from sea level to 450 m. Grows as an understory tree in well developed rain forest on a variety of sites in NEQ.
Fruit eaten by Cassowaries. Cooper & Cooper (1994).
Before the development of fibreglass and carbon fibre, the timber of this species was used in the manufacture of fishing rods. Swain (1928).
This species seldom grows large enough to produce millable logs. Wood specific gravity 0.97. Hyland (1989).