Click on images
Fruit, side views, cross section and seed. Copyright W. T. Cooper
Flower and buds. Copyright Barry Jago
Flower, bird's-eye view, tepals, anthers (3) & anther valves (6). Copyright CSIRO
Flower. Copyright Barry Jago
Leaves and Flowers. Copyright CSIRO
Flower, oblique view, hairy tepals, anther tips & anther valves. Copyright CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, hypogeal germination. Copyright CSIRO
10th leaf stage. Copyright CSIRO
Scale bar 10mm. Copyright CSIRO
Endiandra cowleyana F.M.Bailey
Bailey, F.M. (1892) Queensland Department of Agriculture and Stock. Botany Bulletin 5: 23. Type: Scrubs near Barron River, E. Cowley 42, holo: BRI; iso: BM, K.
Northern Rose Walnut; Rose Walnut; Walnut, Rose; Walnut, Northern Rose
A thin cream or pale brown layer usually visible beneath the subrhytidome layer before the first section of the outer blaze.
Twigs terete or fluted, clothed in straight, appressed, pale brown hairs. Leaf blades about 5.5-9 x 2-4 cm, green on the underside, sometimes slightly glaucous, glabrous or clothed in straight, appressed, pale brown hairs. Foveoles conspicuous, usually 1-4 per leaf, occasionally up to 11 or 12. Midrib raised or flush with the upper surface. Petioles flat or channelled on the upper surface. Oil dots visible with a lens.
Flowers opening quite widely, the tepals sometimes becoming +/- horizontal at anthesis. Tepals about 0.8-1.4 mm long. Staminal glands six, free from one another. Staminodes three, differentiated into a head and stalk.
First pair of leaves about 60-80 x 22-30 mm, green on the underside. At the tenth leaf stage: leaves narrowly elliptic, apex long acuminate, base attenuate, glabrous; foveoles sometimes present on the undersurface; oil dots numerous, readily seen with a lens.
Distribution and Ecology
This species produces millable logs and the sawn timber is marketed as Northern Rose Walnut, a useful general purpose timber. Wood specific gravity 0.72-0.77. Hyland (1989).