Click on images
Flowers. Copyright Barry Jago
Flower, side view, tepals, anthers 3, style. Copyright CSIRO
Seedling with 5 leaves. Copyright CSIRO
Cotyledons stage, hypogeal germination. Copyright CSIRO
10th leaf stage. Copyright CSIRO
Scale bar 10mm. Copyright CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, hypogeal germination. Copyright CSIRO
Endiandra insignis (F.M.Bailey) F.M.Bailey
Bailey, F.M. (1897) Queensland Agricultural Journal 1(1): 80. Type: ?.
Cryptocarya insignis F.M.Bailey, Queensland Department of Agriculture and Stock. Botany Bulletin 2: 15(1891), Type: Tropical scrubs in the Cairns district, and thence to the Bellenden-Ker Range.. Endiandra exostemonea F.Muell., The Victorian Naturalist 9: 42(1893), Type: At the Daintree-River; Theod. Pentzke.
Hairy Walnut; Walnut, Rusty; Rusty Walnut; Walnuit, Hairy
A thin cream or pale brown layer normally visible under the subrhytidome layer before the first section of the outer blaze.
Twigs terete or fluted, clothed in tortuous, erect, brown or reddish brown hairs. Leaf blades about 10-22 x 2.5-13 cm, green on the underside, clothed in tortuous, erect, brown hairs. Midrib flush with or very slightly depressed on the upper surface. Petiole flat on the upper surface. Oil dots visible with a lens.
Flowers pleasantly perfumed, scarcely opening at anthesis, the tepals remaining erect forming a sheath around the exserted anthers and styles. Tepals about 0.4-1.4 mm long. Staminal glands six, free from one another. Staminodes three, +/- lanceolate, not differentiated into a head and stalk.
First pair of leaves elliptic to slightly obovate, about 80-140 x 30-60 mm, green on the underside. At the tenth leaf stage: leaves hairy on the upper surface; oil dots small, visible only with a lens; terminal bud, petioles and stem densely clothed in long reddish or brown hairs; taproot thickened, +/- carrot-like (Daucus carota).
Distribution and Ecology
Endemic to NEQ, widespread in the area. Altitudinal range from sea level to 1000 m. Grows in well developed rain forest on a variety of sites but reaches its best development on soils derived from basalt.
Fruit eaten by Cassowaries and Musky Rat-kangaroos. Cooper & Cooper (1994).
This species produces millable logs and the sawn timber is marketed as Hairy Walnut, a useful general purpose timber. Wood specific gravity 0.70-0.80. Hyland (1989).