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Male flowers. Copyright CSIRO
Leaves and Flowers. Copyright CSIRO
Female flowers. Copyright CSIRO
10th leaf stage. Copyright CSIRO
Scale bar 10mm. Copyright CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, epigeal germination. Copyright CSIRO
Endospermum myrmecophilum L.S.Sm.
Smith, L.S. (1947) Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland 58: 56. Type: Yalu, on rain-forest margin, C.T. White, H.E. Dadswell & L.S. Smith NGF.1640, July 1944.
Endospermum medullosum L.S.Sm., Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland 58: 53(1947), Type: Lae, in rain forest, C.T. White, H.E. Dadswell & L.S. Smith NGF.1738 , August 1944.
Endospermum; Moon Tree; Toywood
Orange-yellow speckles and layers conspicuous in the blaze. Blaze odour resembling that of beans (Phaseolus vulgaris) or peas (Pisum sativum).
Leaf blades usually large, about 10-35 cm long, the base +/- cordate, peltate or lobed. Two rather large pale coloured glands on the underside of the leaf blade at its junction with the petiole. Similar glands may occur where the lateral veins fork.
Inflorescence a panicle of short spikes. Male flowers: Flowers about 3 mm diam. Perianth tube about 2 mm long, lobes about 1.1 mm long, clothed in short crisped hairs. About 6-8 +/- peltate, sessile anthers fused to a fleshy androphore (staminal column) about 4 mm long. Hermaphrodite flowers: Flowers about 3 mm diam. Perianth clothed in short crisped hairs. Anthers about 10 +/- peltate and sessile, fused to the lower part of the androgynophore. Androgynophore about 4 mm long with about 2 mm of this length extending beyond the anther zone. Stigma covering the apex of the androgynophore. One ovule per ovary.
Cotyledons obovate, about 20-25 mm long with 3-5 veins radiating from the petiole. At the tenth leaf stage: leaf blade cordate, peltate, hairy on both the upper and lower surfaces; a pair of glands occurs on the underside of the leaf blade at its junction with the petiole; glands also sometimes occur on the underside of the leaf blade at forks on the lateral veins.
Distribution and Ecology
Produces a light-weight, non-durable, general purpose timber.
Wood specific gravity 0.43. Cause et al. (1989).