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Leaves and fruit. Copyright CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, hypogeal germination. Copyright CSIRO
10th leaf stage. Copyright CSIRO
Scale bar 10mm. Copyright CSIRO
Endressia wardellii (F.Muell.) Whiffin
Whiffin, T. (2007) Flora of Australia 2: 454. Type: ?.
Wilkiea wardellii (F.Muell.) Perkins, Botanische Jahrbucher 25: 570(1898), Type: ?. Mollinedia wardellii F.Muell., Fragmenta Phytographiae Australiae 5: 155(1866), Type: Qld, Coast Range, 17 Nov. 1865, J. Dallachy; Lecto MEL 2050659. Fide T. Whiffin & D. Foreman (2007). Wilkiea paniculata F. Muell., Fragmenta 5: 155(1866), Type: ?. Wilkiea sp. (= RFK/3350), Australian Tropical Rain Forest Trees: (1993), Type: ?.
Oak grain in the wood and a corresponding pattern in the inner blaze.
Leaf blades about 5.5-10 x 2.2-5 cm. Lateral veins inconspicuous on both surfaces but forming loops well inside the blade margin. Midrib raised on the upper surface; marginal teeth small and inconspicuous. Small oil dots visible with a lens. Petioles and young twigs reddish. Oak grain in the twigs.
Inflorescence about 4-10 cm long, approximating but usually not exceeding the leaves. Tepals small and inconspicuous, about 0.2-0.3 mm long. Receptacle glabrous on the outer surface. Anthers about 0.5-0.7 mm long, each, opening by a curved slit, filaments very short. Anthers scattered over the inner surface of the receptacle. Female flowers operculate. Carpels about ten, about 1 mm long, glabrous.
Receptacle yellow, scarcely swollen, glabrous. Fruiting carpels stipitate, ellipsoid, about 13-15 x 10 mm. Seed about 9-10 x 7-8 mm. Embryo about 5 mm long. Cotyledons slightly wider than the radicle.
At the tenth leaf stage: leaf blade ovate or elongate-ovate, apex apiculate, base cuneate, margin serrate, with teeth all around the blade margin, glabrous; petiole channelled on the upper surface; petiole and stem glabrous.
Distribution and Ecology
Probably endemic to NEQ. Altitudinal range from 800-1250 m. Grows as an understory tree in mountain rain forest on the Windsor Tableland, Mt Spurgeon-Mt Lewis and Atherton Tableland areas, usually on soils derived from granite.
Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)