A family of three genera. Anevlophus is monotypic and restricted to West Africa. Nectaropetalum consists of a few species and is restricted to SE Asia. Erythroxylum is a large genus and is pantropic; one genus (Erythroxylum) occurs naturally in Australia.
Erythroxylum - A genus of about 200 species, pantropic, predominantly tropical America; four species occur naturally in Australia. Payens (1958); White (1933).
Payens, J.P.D.W. (1958). Erythoxylaceae. In 'Flora Malesiana.' Ser. 1, Vol. 5, (P. Noordhoff Ltd: Groningen.), pp. 543-552.
White, C.T. (1933). Ligneous plants collected for the Arnold Arboretum in North Queensland by S.F. Kajewski in 1929. Contributions from the Arnold Arboretum of Harvard University 4:47.