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Herbarium specimen. Copyright CSIRO

Euphorbia coghlanii

Family

Euphorbiaceae

Botanical Name

Euphorbia coghlanii F.M.Bailey

Bailey, F.M. (1896) Botany Bulletin. Department of Agriculture, Queensland 13: 12. Type: Limestone ridges of the Georgina River.

Stem

Erect herb or subshrub, sometimes sprawling or prostrate, 0.1-0.8 m tall. Stems glabrous or with short appressed, curved hairs. All parts of the plant produce a milky exudate when damaged. Stipules subulate, 0.5-1 mm long, sometime fringed.

Leaves

Leaves opposite, shortly petiolate, laminaovate to narrwly oblong, 6-25 x 2.5-10 mm, base oblique, margin entire toserrate, petioles about 0.5 mm long. Stipules hair-like, ca. 0.8 mm long.

Flowers

Inflorescence solitary or in few-flowered cymes; involucre pedunculate, 1-2 mm long and glabrous; glands 4; appendages conspicuous, white and petal-like, up to 1.5 mm long and entire. Styles 2-branched.

Fruit

Fruit a schizocarp 1.8-2 x 2-2.5 mm, glabrous. Seeds dark brown, biconvex, 1-1.5 x 0.5-1 mm, smooth and without a caruncle.

Seedlings

Features not available.

Distribution and Ecology

Occurs in WA, NT, CYP, NEQ and CQ. Altitudinal range from near sea level to 400 m. Grows in Eucalypt forest, vine thicket, Eucalypt woodland, shrubland, dune vegetation and grassland.

Natural History

Used medicinally (Low 1990).

WA

X

NT

X

CYP

X

NEQ

X

Herb (herbaceous or woody, under 1 m tall)

X

RFK Code

4054