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Scale bar 10mm. Copyright CSIRO
Leaves, spikelets and fruit. Copyright CSIRO
Exocarya scleroides (F.Muell.) Benth.
Bentham, G. (1877) Hooker's Icones Plantarum 13: t. 12. Type: ?.
Cladium scleroides F.Muell., Fragm. 9: 12(1875), Type: Queensland, Burnett & Dawson Rivers, Leichhardt; syn: MEL?; NSW, Tweed River?, T. Steel?; syn: MEL.
Stems +/- triangular in transverse section. Flowers and fruits as a shrub 1-2 m tall.
Leaves arranged in three vertical rows. Leaf blades about 25-31 x 0.4 cm, margins finely toothed or clothed in prickly hairs. Venation parallel.
Fruits about 4 x 3 mm. Seeds about 3 mm long.
Features not available.
Distribution and Ecology
Occurs in NEQ and southwards as far as north-eastern New South Wales. Altitudinal range in northern Australia from 600-1600 m. Grows in open or disturbed areas in upland and mountain rain forest. Also occurs in New Guinea.
This is the typical regrowth species along roads and tracks in mountain rainforest. It grows to height of 2 metres or more and is a harbour for ticks and mites. The leaves are finely serrated on the margins and will easily cut through skin quite readily. See also Gahnia aspera.