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Exocarya scleroides

Family

Cyperaceae

Botanical Name

Exocarya scleroides (F.Muell.) Benth.

Bentham, G. (1877) Hooker's Icones Plantarum 13: t. 12. Type: ?.

Synonyms

Cladium scleroides F.Muell., Fragm. 9: 12(1875), Type: Queensland, Burnett & Dawson Rivers, Leichhardt; syn: MEL?; NSW, Tweed River?, T. Steel?; syn: MEL.

Stem

Stems +/- triangular in transverse section. Flowers and fruits as a shrub 1-2 m tall.

Leaves

Leaves arranged in three vertical rows. Leaf blades about 25-31 x 0.4 cm, margins finely toothed or clothed in prickly hairs. Venation parallel.

Flowers

Inflorescence a panicle of short spikes. Flowers minute, each enclosed in a bract so that only the stigmas are visible. Each stamen is surrounded by a perianth segment. One ovule per flower.

Fruit

Fruits about 4 x 3 mm. Seeds about 3 mm long.

Seedlings

Features not available.

Distribution and Ecology

Occurs in NEQ and southwards as far as north-eastern New South Wales. Altitudinal range in northern Australia from 600-1600 m. Grows in open or disturbed areas in upland and mountain rain forest. Also occurs in New Guinea.

Natural History

This is the typical regrowth species along roads and tracks in mountain rainforest. It grows to height of 2 metres or more and is a harbour for ticks and mites. The leaves are finely serrated on the margins and will easily cut through skin quite readily. See also Gahnia aspera.

NEQ

X

Grass

X

RFK Code

3049