Click on images
Gall flowers, perianth cupular, style glabrous. Copyright CSIRO
Female fls, perianth cupular, stigma swollen, no hairs among fls. Copyright CSIRO
Figs on cauliflorous infructescences. Copyright B. Gray
Male flowers, anthers 2-celled. Copyright CSIRO
Figs, side views and cross section. Copyright W. T. Cooper
10th leaf stage. Copyright CSIRO
Scale bar 10mm. Copyright CSIRO
Ficus hispida L.f.
Linnaeus, C. von filius (1782) Supplementum Plantarum: 442. Type: Habitat in Java. Thunberg..
Covellia hispida (L.f.) Miq., Hooker's London Journal of Botany 7: 462(1848), Type: ?. Ficus hispida L.f. var. hispida, The Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 18: 53(1960), Type: ?. Ficus oppositifolia Roxb., Pl. Coromandel 2: 14(1798), Type: India, Coromandel Coast, W. Roxburgh. Covellia oppositifolia (Roxb.) Gasp., Richerche sulla natura del caprifico 8: 85(1845), Type: ?.
Hairy Fig; Fig, Hairy; Fig Tree; Fig; Boombil
Leaf blades about 15-35 x 6-20 cm, rough and sandpapery on both the upper and lower surfaces. Petiole and twigs produce a watery milky yellow exudate. Flat glands usually visible on the underside of the leaf blade in the forks of the lateral veins and the midrib. Oil dots visible with a lens. Stipules about 0.6-1 cm long, slightly hairy and tapering to a point at the apex.
Perianth entire, without any lobes. Male flowers produced around the ostiole. Style hairy on the upper half, stigma swollen, minutely papillose. Bracts at the base of the fig, three. Lateral bracts usually present on the outside of the fig body.
Cotyledons orbicular, about 2-3 mm diam. At the tenth leaf stage: leaf blade ovate to obovate, apex acuminate, base obtuse, margin crenate, teeth mainly along upper 2/3 of the leaf blade; both the upper and lower surfaces scabrous; oil dots small, numerous, visible with a lens from the underside of the leaf blade; stipules sheathing the terminal bud, narrowly triangular, persistent, midrib hairy.
Distribution and Ecology
Occurs in WA, NT, CYP, NEQ and southwards as far as coastal central Queensland. Altitudinal range from sea level to 800 m. Grows in well developed lowland rain forest, gallery forest and upland rain forest. Also occurs in Asia and Malesia. This species provides a good supply of food for feral pigs on parts of Cape York Peninsula and as the figs are produced down to ground level the pigs can easily command the lower part of the crop.
Fruit eaten by Double-eyed Fig-parrots. Cooper & Cooper (1994).
This species may have medicinal properties. (http://squid2.laughingsquid.net/hosts/herbweb.com /herbage/A11247.htm)
Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)