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Male flowers. Copyright CSIRO
10th leaf stage. Copyright CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, epigeal germination. Copyright CSIRO
Fig long section, most flowers female, male flowers near apex. Copyright CSIRO
Leaves and figs. Copyright CSIRO
Female flowers, perianth cupular, style hairy or spiny. Copyright CSIRO
Figs, side views and cross section. Copyright W. T. Cooper
Gall flowers. Copyright CSIRO
Scale bar 10mm. Copyright CSIRO
Ficus septica Burm.f.
Burman, N.L. (1768) Flora Indica: 226. Type: Habitat in India..
Ficus septica Burm.f. var. septica, The Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 18: 61(1960), Type: ?. Ficus casearia Benth. var. casearia, Bibliotheca Botanica 89(4): 570(1928), Type: ?. Ficus casearia var. glochidioides (F.Muell. ex Benth) Domin, Bibliotheca Botanica 89(4): 570(1928), Type: Queensland, Rockingham Bay, J. Dallachy? ( Not clear if this is intended as the type.). Ficus casearia Benth., Flora Australiensis 6: 177(1873), Type: Queensland. Rockingham Bay, Dallachy; Fitzroy island and Endeavour river, Herb. Delessert. Ficus septica var. cauliflora Corner, The Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 18: 61(1960), Type: E.S. Brown 5482 (Soloman Isl., San Cristoval, Kira Kira, typus herb. Br. Mus.).. Ficus casearia var. typica Domin, Bibliotheca Botanica 89(4): 570(1928), Type: Rockingham bay, DALLACHY.
Fig; Septic Fig; Fig, Septic
Petioles and twigs usually produce a yellowish exudate. Oil dots visible on the underside of the leaf blade. Stipules about 1.2-5 cm long. Leaf blades about 12-20 x 5-7 cm. Midrib cream, raised on the upper surface of the leaf blade.
Male flowers: Flowers produced around the ostiole. Bristles interspersed among the female and gall flowers. Female and gall perianths entire, without lobes, style hairy almost throughout. Bracts at the base of the fig, three. Lateral bracts not present on the outside of the fig body.
Cotyledons almost orbicular, about 3 mm diam. First pair of leaves toothed. At the tenth leaf stage: leaf blade broadly elliptic, apex acute, base obtuse, margins sinuate on the upper half of the leaf blade, teeth obscure, upper surface glabrous; oil dots not visible; flat glands sometimes visible on the underside of the leaf blade at the junction of the main lateral veins and the midrib; petiole with a few scattered hairs; stipules sheathing the terminal bud, glabrous, about 10-15 mm long.
Distribution and Ecology
Occurs in CYP and NEQ. Altitudinal range from near sea level to 1000 m. Grows in areas of well developed rain forest on a variety of sites. This species is favoured by disturbance and is a frequent component of rain forest regrowth. Also occurs in SE Asia, Malesia, the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu.
This species may have medicinal properties. (http://squid2.laughingsquid.net/hosts/herbweb.com /herbage/A11284.htm)
Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)