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Scale bar 10mm. Copyright CSIRO
Leaves and Flowers. Copyright CSIRO
10th leaf stage. Copyright CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, epigeal germination. Copyright CSIRO
Fioria vitifolia (L.) Mattei
Mattei, G.E. (1917) Bol. Ort. Palermo: 72. Type: ?.
Hibiscus vitifolius L., Species Plantarum: 696(1753), Type: Herb. Hermann, Vol. 4, fol. 39, Linn. n. 265; lecto: BM. Fide Brenan & Excell (1958) Bol. Soc. Brot. II, 32.
Usually flowers and fruits as a herb but can grow into a shrub about 1 m tall.
Leaf blades very variable, about 5-14 x 4.5-14 cm, three or 5-lobed. Both the upper and lower surfaces of the leaf blade clothed in stellate or 3-armed hairs. Petioles and twigs clothed mainly in simple hairs. Twig bark strong and fibrous when stripped.
Pedicel about 15-30 mm long. Epicalyx segments 7-12, each about 8-12 x 0.5-0.75 mm. Calyx about 6-9 mm long, outer surface clothed in simple and stellate or branched hairs. Petals about 25-50 mm long. Centre of corolla red. Staminal column about 10-15 mm long. Anthers U-shaped. Pollen orange. Ovary sericeous, style branches hairy.
Capsules shorter than the calyx, +/- 5-winged and about 10-15 mm diam. Calyx and epicalyx persistent at the base. Seeds reniform, laterally compressed, about 2.5-3 x 2 mm, testa glabrous but verrucose or colliculate.
Cotyledons +/- orbicular, about 9-13 x 10-13 mm. Petiole longer than the cotyledons. First pair of true leaves with toothed or lobed margins. At the tenth leaf stage: base of the leaf blade distinctly cordate. Numerous sessile pale-coloured glands visible on the underside of the leaf blade. Leaf blade clothed in simple 3-armed hairs. Petiole clothed in stellate hairs. Stipules linear, hairy, about 1-2 mm long. Stem clothed in both glandular and simple hairs.
Distribution and Ecology
Occurs in WA, NEQ and southwards as far as coastal central Queensland. Altitudinal range from near sea level to 800 m. Grows as an understory plant in monsoon forest and vine thickets. Also occurs in Africa, Asia, Malesia and the Pacific islands.
Herb (herbaceous or woody, under 1 m tall)
Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)