Click on images
Scale bar 10mm. Copyright CSIRO
Fruit, side view, dehiscing and seed. Copyright W. T. Cooper
Flowers and buds. Copyright Barry Jago
Flower bud, side view, calyx & hairy petals. Copyright CSIRO
Habit, fruit, seed. Copyright CSIRO
Leaves and Flowers. Copyright CSIRO
Flower, bird's-eye view, petals, stamens & hairy filaments. Copyright CSIRO
10th leaf stage. Copyright CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, epigeal germination. Copyright CSIRO
Flindersia brayleyana F.Muell.
Mueller, F.J.H. von (1865) Fragmenta Phytographiae Australiae 5: 143. Type: Ad flumen Herberti. J. Dallachy..
Flindersia chatawaiana F.M.Bailey, Queensland Agricultural Journal 5(4): 387(1899), Type: Cardwell to Herberton, J.F. Bailey.
Maple, Queensland; Silkwood; Red Beech; Queensland Maple; Maple; Maple Silkwood
Bark frequently marked with vertical lines or fissures containing lenticels.
Sepals ovate-triangular, about 0.5 mm long. Petals oblong-elliptic to elliptic, about 2.5-3.5 mm long. Hairs on petals simple, rarely absent. Glandular disk bright orange, flounced. Ovary clothed with appressed, simple hairs. Ovules 1 on each side of the placenta.
Cotyledons oblong, about 4-6 x 2 cm. Oil dots clearly visible with a lens. First pair of leaves simple, elliptic, then usually at least one trifoliolate leaf before the tenth leaf stage. At the tenth leaf stage: leaflet blades elliptic, glabrous, veins about 7-10 each side of the midrib; oil dots visible to the naked eye; stalk of the middle leaflet longer than those of the lateral leaflets.
Distribution and Ecology
Endemic to Queensland, occurs in NEQ, restricted to the area between the Windsor Tableland and Mt Spec near Townsville. Altitudinal range from near sea level to 1150 m. Grows in well developed rain forest on a variety of sites but reaches its best development in upland and mountain rain forest.
This species produces a very good quality and very decorative cabinet timber. Because of World Heritage listing of North Queensland rainforest this timber is now in very short supply. Attempts to grow this tree in plantations generally end in failure. Although young plantations grow rapidly, the architecture of large trees and crown shyness means that it is not possible to economically grow large trees which will produce timber of cabinet quality.
During the Second World War (1939-1945) the timber of this species contributed significantly to the war effort as it was sought for use in aircraft. It was used to manufacture propellers and for plywood used in the Mosquito bomber aircraft. The timber was also used in rifle stocks and today it is also used for beautiful decorated stocks on sporting rifles and shotguns.
Formerly used in the manufacture of cigar boxes, window frames, barrels (cooperage). Swain (1928).
A useful shady addition to parkland or as a street tree. Masses of white flowers are followed by pendulous fruits that are star-like when open.
The timber of this species can cause dermatitis. (http://bodd.web.cf.ac.uk/BotDermFolder/BotDermF/F LIN.html)
Wood specific gravity 0.57 Cause et al. (1989).