Click on images
Female flower. Copyright CSIRO
Male flower. Copyright CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, hypogeal germination. Copyright CSIRO
10th leaf stage. Copyright CSIRO
Scale bar 10mm. Copyright CSIRO
Garcinia dulcis (Roxb.) Kurz
Kurz, W.S. (1874) Journal As. Soc. Beng. 43: 88. Type: India, Andaman Islands..
Xanthochymus dulcis Roxb., Plants of the Coast of Coromandel 3(3): 66(1820), Type: unknown..
Gourka; Claudie Mangosteen
Leaf blades about 10.5-22 x 5-12 cm. Petioles and twigs produce a milky exudate. Two sets of lateral veins running at different angles usually apparent on the underside of the leaf blade. The finer veins are actually latex canals and run at a slight angle to the midrib. Leaf stalk channelled on the upper surface and transversely wrinkled.
Male flowers: Flowers about 11-12 mm diam., pedicels about 7 mm long. Sepals about 2-4 mm long. Petals orbicular, about 5 mm diam. Stamens aggregated into five narrow phalanges each consisting of 7-10 stamens. Each staminal phalange about 7 mm long, free filaments up to 1 mm long. Anthers small. Staminal phalanges attached among yellow sponge-like glands. Disk coralloid. Female flowers: Flowers about 8-9 mm diam., pedicels about 20 mm long. Sepals about 2-3 mm long. Petals orbicular, about 7-8 mm diam. Staminodes attached among sponge-like glands.
First pair of leaves ovate. At the tenth leaf stage: leaves ovate, leathery, glabrous, undersurface with a fine almost parallel network of latex canals; a raised stipule or trough-like appendage between the petiole base and the stem.
Distribution and Ecology
Extracts of the bark of this species exhibit antimicrobial activity. (http://www.modern-natural.com/Chapter3g_May.htm)