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Scale bar 10mm. Copyright CSIRO
Leaves and female flower. Copyright CSIRO
Leaves and male flowers. Copyright CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, epigeal germination. Copyright CSIRO
Leaves, female flowers and fruit. Copyright CSIRO
10th leaf stage. Copyright CSIRO
Glochidion benthamianum Domin
Domin, K. (1928) Bibliotheca Botanica 89(4): 872. Type: Queensland: Rockingham Bay, Dallachy; iso: K.
Glochidion capitis-york Airy Shaw, Kew Bulletin 23: 25(1969), Type: Queensland, Iron Range, 19 Jun. 1948, Brass 19254; holo: K.
Buttonwood; Cheese Tree; Bentham's Buttonwood
Usually flowers and fruits as a shrub 2-4 m tall.
Male and female flowers pedicellate. Male flowers: Flowers about 4 mm diam., pedicels about 4 mm long, tepals about 2 x 1-1.5 mm. Anthers about 0.6 mm long, sessile, fused to one another. Female flowers: Flowers pedicels about 15 mm long. Styles and stigmas fused together to form a dome-shaped mass on the top of the ovary.
Fruiting pedicels long and slender (about 15-20 mm long). Fruits about 8-12 mm diam. divided into 6-12 segments, calyx persistent at the base. Seeds about 4 x 4 mm, testa hard. Aril reddish-orange, covering most of the seed. Embryo about 3.2 x 2 mm, cotyledons flat, longer than the radicle.
Cotyledons glabrous, about 8-9 x 5-7 mm, petioles about 0.5-1 mm long. First pair of leaves obovate to spathulate, about 11 x 6 mm, petioles less than 0.5 mm long. Stipules linear, about 1 mm long. At the tenth leaf stage: leaf blade elliptic to obovate, apex obtuse, base cuneate, somewhat glaucous on the underside. Lateral veins about 5-7 on each side of the midrib. Stipules triangular, about 1 mm long.
Distribution and Ecology
Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)