Click on images
Scale bar 10mm. Copyright CSIRO
Flowers. Copyright CSIRO
10th leaf stage, cotyledons still attached , epigeal germination. Copyright CSIRO
Grevillea heliosperma R.Br.
Brown, R. (1810) Transactions of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 10: 176. Type: In Novae Hollandiae ora septentrionali; Carpentaria: prope littora. (ubi v.v.).
Rock Grevillea; Grevillea, Rock
Usually flowers and fruits as a shrub 3-5 m tall.
Oak grain in the twigs. Terminal buds and young shoots clothed in fine, prostrate, rusty red hairs. Leaflet blades about 11 or 12 per compound leaf, each leaflet blade about 5-13 x 0.7-3.5 cm, +/- longitudinally veined with 3-5 veins slightly more prominent than the rest. Leaflet blades resemble Acacia phyllodes. Tips of the leaflet blades dark, mucronate.
Perianth tube +/- cylindrical, scarcely dilated in the lower half. Tepals hairy on the inner surface particularly on the lower half. Hypogynous gland horseshoe-shaped. Anthers +/- sessile. Ovules 2 per ovary. Stigma +/- lateral near the apex of the style.
Fruits +/- globular, about 25-33 mm diam. Seeds with a marginal wing, seed + wing about 17-30 x 15-21 mm. Seed about 8-9 x 7 mm. Embryo pyriform in outline, about 8 x 4 mm. Cotyledons sagittate at the base, much longer and wider than the radicle.
Cotyledons +/- spathulate, fleshy, about 11 x 8 mm. First pair of leaves simple, oblanceolate, about 20-25 x 5-7 mm. At the tenth leaf stage: leaf blade simple, linear-lanceolate, apex acute, base attenuate, glabrous on both the upper and lower surfaces. Young shoot and terminal bud clothed in pink or reddish hairs.
Distribution and Ecology
Occurs in WA, NT and NEQ (the western gulf country of Queensland). Altitudinal range from near sea level to 300 m (?). Usually grows in open forest but sometimes found in or on the margins of monsoon forest and vine thickets.
Commonly cultivated in parks and gardens for its fast growth and showy red flowers.
Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)