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Scale bar 10mm. Copyright CSIRO
Leaves and fruit. Copyright CSIRO
10th leaf stage. Copyright CSIRO
Leaves and Flowers. Copyright CSIRO
Flowers. Copyright CSIRO
Vine stem bark and vine stem transverse section. Copyright CSIRO
Cotyledon and 1st leaf stage, epigeal germination. Copyright CSIRO
Gymnanthera oblonga (Burm.f.) P.S.Green
Green, P.S. (1992) Kew Bulletin 47(2): 333. Type: ?.
Jasminum oblongum Burm. f., Fl. Indica: 6(1768), Type: Java, Garcin; holo: G. Fide P. S. Green (1992) Kew Bull. 47:333. Gymnanthera nitida R.Br., Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandiae: 464(1810), Type: QLD, Sweers Island, Gulf of Carpentaria, 17 Nov. 1802, R. Brown; lecto: BM; iso: CANB..
Twigs, petioles and leaves produce a milky exudate. Leaf blades about 4-9 x 1.5-4 cm, much paler on the underside, petioles about 1-2 cm long. Lateral veins about 6-13 on each side of the midrib. Small stipule-like glands about 0.5 mm long visible on the twigs between the attachment points of the petioles. Older twigs marked by obvious lenticels.
Flowers about 20 mm diam. on pedicels about 15 mm long. Sepals imbricate, about 1.5-2.5 mm long. Five rounded scale-like glands are present between the sepals and the petals, and alternating with the sepals. Corolla tube about 9-14 mm long, flared at the apex, lobes about 7-10 x 4-5 mm. Stamens inserted in the throat of the corolla tube. Anthers with a terminal appendage. Pollinia, two per locule. Carpels free above the base but fused at the base and also at the apex to form a common style. Ovules numerous in each carpel.
Cotyledons oblong, about 17 x 3 mm, petioles held almost parallel to the stem. Hypocotyl shortly hairy. First pair of leaves narrowly elliptic, apex acute, base +/- attenuate, petiole and basal part of the midrib clothed with a few hairs. Petioles held +/- parallel to the stem. At the tenth leaf stage: leaf blade narrowly oblong, elliptic or lanceolate, apex acute, base cuneate. Midrib +/- flush with the upper surface. Stipule-like glands about 0.5 mm long present in the leaf axils. Colleters absent.
Distribution and Ecology
Occurs in WA, NT, CYP, NEQ and southwards almost to south-eastern Queensland. Altitudinal range from near sea level to 250 m. Usually grows close to sea level frequently near the mangroves just above the tide levels. Also grows on some inland streams far removed from the sea. Also found in SE Asia and Malesia.
A food source of the larval stages of the Australian Crow and Eichhorn's Crow Butterflies. Common & Waterhouse (1981).