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Scale bar 10mm. Copyright CSIRO
Dehiscing fruits and arilous seeds. Copyright CSIRO
Leaves and Flowers. Copyright CSIRO
Vine stem bark and vine stem transverse section. Copyright CSIRO
10th leaf stage. Copyright CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, epigeal germination. Copyright CSIRO
Gymnosporia inermis Merr. & L.M.Perry
Merrill, E.D. & Perry, L.M. (1939) Journal of the Arnold Arboretum 20: 335. Type: New Guinea.
Celastrus montana Roth ex Roemer & Schultes, Syst. Veg. 5: 427(1819), Type: eastern India, B. Heyne s.n.; holo: B. Maytenus emarginata (Willd.) Ding Hou, Flora Malesiana Series I 6: 241(1966), Type: ?. Celastrus emarginata Willd., Sp. Pl. 1(2): 1128(1792), Type: eastern India. Gymnosporia montana (Roth ex Roemer & Schultes) Benth., Fl. Austral. 1: 400(1863), Type: ?.
Usually flowers and fruits as a shrub or scandent shrub 1-3 m tall but occasionally grows into a tree-top vine. Vine stem diameters to 6 cm recorded.
Leaf blades about 30-80 x 15-45 mm, produced in a tight spiral or whorl on short burr-like shoots along the twigs. Petioles about 2-4 mm long, grooved on the upper surface. Teeth occur all along the margin of the leaf blade but the teeth are small and inconspicuous. Twigs often longitudinally ribbed or lined, sometimes with spines in the leaf axils.
Cotyledons elliptic, about 9-10 x 6-7 mm, lateral veins not obvious. First pair of leaves simple, stipulate, margins serrate. At the tenth leaf stage: leaf blade margin toothed with about 12 teeth on each side, midrib raised on the upper surface. Stipules about 1 mm long. Stem +/- 4-angled. Spines sometimes present in the leaf axils.
Distribution and Ecology
This species has been used medicinally in India and Africa. Cribb (1981).
Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)