Click on images
Fruit, three views and cross section. Copyright W. T. Cooper
Leaves and Flowers. Copyright CSIRO
Leaves, fruit and buds. Copyright CSIRO
10th leaf stage. Copyright CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, epigeal germination. Copyright CSIRO
Scale bar 10mm. Copyright CSIRO
Halfordia kendack (Montrouz.) Guillaumin
Guillaumin, A. (1911) Notulae Systematicae 2: 98. Type: ?.
Eriostemon kendack Montrouz., Mem. Acad. Lyon 10: 191(1860), Type: New Caledonia. Halfordia drupifera F.Muell., Fragmenta Phytographiae Australiae 5: 43(1865), Type: Moreton Bay, Leichhardt; Cape Byron, C. Moore. Halfordia leichhardtii (F.Muell.) Guillaumin, Notulae Systematicae 2: 98(1911), Type: ?.
Kerosenewood; Southern Ghittoe; Saffronheart
Bark usually pale yellowish-brown.
Flowers about 8-9 mm diam. on a pedicel about 4-8 mm long. Calyx lobes about 0.5 mm long. Petals about 4-5 mm long. Stamens ten, dimorphic, five long and five short, filaments flattened, margins hairy. Filaments about 2-3.5 mm long. Anthers about 1 mm long with a gland at the tip, apex glabrous. Style about 1-1.5 mm long.
Fruits about 6-8 x 6-8 mm. Calyx persistent.
Cotyledons almost linear, margins crenate. First pair of leaves with crenate margins and fairly conspicuous oil dots. At the tenth leaf stage: leaf blade obovate, apex obtuse, base attenuate, glabrous, lateral veins not obvious; oil dots numerous and conspicuous, easily visible to the naked eye. Leaves aromatic when crushed.
Distribution and Ecology
Occurs in CYP, NEQ and southwards as far as north-eastern New South Wales. Altitudinal range from sea level to 450 m. Grows in beach forest, closed forest on old sand dunes and well developed rain forest. Also occurs in New Caledonia.
An easily grown small tree that is gaining popularity in horticulture. Small white flowers are followed by black fruits that are popular with birds.
Before the development of fibregalss and carbon fibre, the timber of this species was used in the manufacture of fishing rods. Swain (1928).
Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)