Click on images
Leaves and fruit. Copyright CSIRO
Leaves and Flowers. Copyright CSIRO
Scale bar 10mm. Copyright CSIRO
Hardenbergia violacea (Schneev.) Stearn
Stearn, W.T. (1940) The Journal of Botany 78: 70. Type: ?.
Glycine violacea Schneev., Icones Plantarum Rariorum 1: 29(1781), Type: Locus natalis. Nec de huius vero loco natali certiores sumus. Videtur vero ex eadem patria advenisse. [G. rubicunda Schneev.].
Climbing Morning Glory; Purple Twining Pea; Sarsaparilla, Native; Native Sarsaparilla; Sarsaparilla, False; False Sarsaparilla; Native Woodrose; Sarsaparilla; Pea, Purple Coral; Purple Coral Pea; Pea, Purple Twining
A slender vine not exceeding a stem diameter of 2 cm.
Calyx tube about 3 mm long, the lobes about 1 mm long except for one pair which are fused together almost completely. Petals: standard about 9 x 10-11 mm, mainly purple except for a green 'eye' near the base; wings about 8 x 3 mm; keel about 6 x 2 mm. Stamens10, one stamen free from the rest which are fused together by their filaments to form a tube 3-4 mm long while the upper sections of the filaments remain free. Ovary about 3-3.5 mm long. Ovules five to seven.
Features not available.
Distribution and Ecology
Occurs in NEQ and southwards to Tasmania and South Australia. Altitudinal range in NEQ from 900-1200 m. Usually grows in open forest or wet sclerophyll forest, sometimes in rain forest margins or in disturbed areas of mountain rain forest. Also occurs in New Guinea (?)
F.M. Bailey, then Colonial Botanist of Queensland, wrote that the bushmen of that State used Hardenbergia and considered it a valuable medicine. Maiden, however, described its virtues as purely imaginary. Cribb (1981).
May cause a colic-like condition in horses. Unlikely to be palatable. Roots have been used as food by Aborigines. Sometimes cultivated as a garden ornamental. Hacker (1990).