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Helicteres semiglabra

Family

Malvaceae

Botanical Name

Helicteres semiglabra (F.Muell.) F.Muell. ex F.M.Bailey

Bailey, F.M. (1899) The Queensland Flora 1: 142. Type: ?.

Synonyms

Helicteres semiglabra F.M.Bailey var. semiglabra, The Queensland Flora 1: 142(1899), Type: ?. Methorium semiglabrum F.Muell., Fragm. Phytog. Aust. 5: 43(1865), Type: Queensland, Rockingham Bay, J. Dallachy; holo: MEL?.

Stem

Usually flowers and fruits as a shrub about 1-2 m tall.

Leaves

Twigs, petioles and lower surface of the leaf blade densely clothed in small stellate hairs. Leaf blades about 3-13 x 1.1-2.5 cm. Upper leaf blade surface +/- glabrous. Stipules filiform, about 4-6 mm long. Twig bark strong and fibrous when stripped.

Flowers

Inflorescence consists of fascicles of two or 3-flowered umbels or cymes. Pedicels short, about 1 mm long. Calyx stellate hairy on the outer surface, tube about 3 mm long, lobes about 1 mm long. Petals about 6 mm long, clawed with two appendages about the mid point. Basal part of the petal limb clothed in dense hairs. Ovary and stamens borne at the apex of a stalk about 4 mm long. Stamens ten, staminodes five, alternating with each pair of stamens. Anther locules one above the other. Pollen white.

Fruit

Fruit 5-locular, about 7-18 mm long. Outer surface densely clothed in stellate hairs and trichomes which are clothed in stellate hairs. Calyx persistent at the base. Cotyledons rolled and contorted. Seeds about 1.5 mm diam., testa surface textured.

Seedlings

Cotyledons orbicular, about 4-10 mm diam., apex retuse or emarginate, upper surface hairy. First pair of leaves +/- orbicular, base cordate, margin toothed, both the upper and lower surfaces hairy. At the tenth leaf stage: leaf blade variable, lanceolate, elliptic or obovate, base cordate, 5-7 veins radiating from the base. Upper surface clothed in long simple hairs, lower surface densely clothed in short, mostly stellate, hairs. Margin with about 15-20 teeth on each side, more numerous towards the apex. Stipules linear, about 4 mm long, densely clothed in stellate hairs. Taproot thickened, carrot-like (Daucus carota).

Distribution and Ecology

Endemic to Australia, occurs in WA, NT(?), CYP and NEQ. Altitudinal range from near sea level to 550 m. Grows as an understory plant in open eucalypt forest, vine thickets and monsoon forest.

CYP

X

NEQ

X

Herb (herbaceous or woody, under 1 m tall)

X

Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)

X

RFK Code

3228