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Heliotropium foertherianum

Family

Boraginaceae

Botanical Name

Heliotropium foertherianum Diane & Hilger

Hilger, H.H. & Diane,N. (2003) Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 125: 46. Type: ?.

Synonyms

Argusia argentea (L. f.) Heine, Fl. Nouv. Caled. 7: 109(1976), Type: ?. Tournefortia argentea L.f., Supplementum Plantarum: 133(1782), Type: Sri Lanka, Holo: LINN, Koenig s.n.,.

Common name

Argusia

Stem

Usually grows into a shrub about 5 m tall but also flowers and fruits when about 2 m tall.

Leaves

Leaf blades thick, about 13.5-17.5 x 4.5-6.5 cm. Both the upper and lower surfaces of the leaf blade densely clothed in prostrate, silvery hairs. Twigs densely clothed in short hairs. Leaf scars on the twigs +/- circular. Leaf blade very gradually tapering into the petiole.

Flowers

Flowers secund, i.e. all on one side of each inflorescence branch. Calyx about 2 mm long, very hairy on the outer surface. Corolla yellow towards the base but white in the upper half. Corolla tube about 2 mm long, lobes about 2 mm long. Pollen white. A fleshy ring usually visible on the style just below the stigmas.

Fruit

Fruits about 6 x 7 x 6 mm, +/- globose or depressed globular. Each fruit usually contains two seed-like angular pyrenes immersed in a white pulp. Each pyrene about 1 x 2 mm. Seeds 2 in each pyrene, embryo tiny, about 1 mm long.

Seedlings

Cotyledons ovate to spathulate, apex obtuse, base attenuate, petioles long. Cotyledon blade about 4-5 x 1.5-2 mm. At the tenth leaf stage: leaves +/- spathulate, apex obtuse or bluntly pointed, base attenuate. Both the upper and lower surfaces clothed in pale simple hairs.

Distribution and Ecology

Occurs in NT, CYP, NEQ and southwards to south eastern Queensland. Altitudinal range very small, usually found close to sea level. Grows in beach forest and strand vegetation on the mainland but seems to be more common on islands, particularly coral cays or islands with a lot of coral debris on the beaches. Also occurs in Africa, Mauritius, Sri Lanka, Malesia and the Pacific islands.

Natural History

This species may have medicinal properties.

It has been suggested that it may be of value in the treatment of ciguatera poisoning contracted from the consumption of reef fish. (http://fishing.ifrance.com/fishing/Ciguatera-ang. htm)

NT

X

CYP

X

NEQ

X

Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)

X

RFK Code

3187