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Scale bar 10mm. Copyright CSIRO
Flowers. Copyright CSIRO
Habit, leaves and flowers. Copyright CSIRO
Leaves and immature fruit. Copyright CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, epigeal germination. Copyright CSIRO
10th leaf stage. Copyright CSIRO
Heliotropium foertherianum Diane & Hilger
Hilger, H.H. & Diane,N. (2003) Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 125: 46. Type: ?.
Argusia argentea (L. f.) Heine, Fl. Nouv. Caled. 7: 109(1976), Type: ?. Tournefortia argentea L.f., Supplementum Plantarum: 133(1782), Type: Sri Lanka, Holo: LINN, Koenig s.n.,.
Usually grows into a shrub about 5 m tall but also flowers and fruits when about 2 m tall.
Leaf blades thick, about 13.5-17.5 x 4.5-6.5 cm. Both the upper and lower surfaces of the leaf blade densely clothed in prostrate, silvery hairs. Twigs densely clothed in short hairs. Leaf scars on the twigs +/- circular. Leaf blade very gradually tapering into the petiole.
Flowers secund, i.e. all on one side of each inflorescence branch. Calyx about 2 mm long, very hairy on the outer surface. Corolla yellow towards the base but white in the upper half. Corolla tube about 2 mm long, lobes about 2 mm long. Pollen white. A fleshy ring usually visible on the style just below the stigmas.
Fruits about 6 x 7 x 6 mm, +/- globose or depressed globular. Each fruit usually contains two seed-like angular pyrenes immersed in a white pulp. Each pyrene about 1 x 2 mm. Seeds 2 in each pyrene, embryo tiny, about 1 mm long.
Cotyledons ovate to spathulate, apex obtuse, base attenuate, petioles long. Cotyledon blade about 4-5 x 1.5-2 mm. At the tenth leaf stage: leaves +/- spathulate, apex obtuse or bluntly pointed, base attenuate. Both the upper and lower surfaces clothed in pale simple hairs.
Distribution and Ecology
Occurs in NT, CYP, NEQ and southwards to south eastern Queensland. Altitudinal range very small, usually found close to sea level. Grows in beach forest and strand vegetation on the mainland but seems to be more common on islands, particularly coral cays or islands with a lot of coral debris on the beaches. Also occurs in Africa, Mauritius, Sri Lanka, Malesia and the Pacific islands.
This species may have medicinal properties.
It has been suggested that it may be of value in the treatment of ciguatera poisoning contracted from the consumption of reef fish. (http://fishing.ifrance.com/fishing/Ciguatera-ang. htm)
Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)