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Hernandia albiflora

Family

Hernandiaceae

Botanical Name

Hernandia albiflora (C.T.White) Kubitzki

Kubitzki, K. (1969) Botanische Jahrbucher 89 89: 126. Type: ?.

Synonyms

Valvanthera albiflora C.T.White, Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland 47: 76(1936), Type: Queensland,Daintree River, 29 Nov.1929, S.F. Kajewski, No. 1407. Holo: BRI, Iso: US.

Stem

A small tree seldom exceeding 20 cm dbh. White or cream granular stripes in the outer blaze.

Leaves

Leaf blades about 11-16 x 3-5.5 cm. Midrib raised on the upper surface. Lateral veins form loops inside the blade margin. Oil dots readily visible with a lens.

Flowers

Perianth about 2-3 mm long, outer surface +/- glabrous. Anther valves opening like doors, i.e. on vertical hinges. Ovary in the female flowers enclosed in a truncate involucre. Stigma horseshoe-shaped.

Fruit

Fruits ellipsoid to almost cylindrical, about 18-32 x 12-14 mm. Testa ribbed.

Seedlings

Usually 4-6 cataphylls produced before the first pair of true leaves. First pair of true leaves lanceolate to ovate or elliptic, apex acuminate, midrib raised on the upper surface. At the tenth leaf stage: leaf blade elliptic to ovate, apex acuminate, base cuneate, upper surface glabrous, midrib raised on the upper surface; petiole glabrous, often pink. Lateral veins forming loops inside the blade margin. Stem longitudinally ribbed. Roots pinkish.

Distribution and Ecology

Endemic to NEQ, restricted to the area between Rossville and Innisfail. Altitudinal range from near sea level to 450 m. Grows as an understory tree in well developed lowland rain forest.

NEQ

X

Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)

X

Tree

X

RFK Code

769