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Flowers. Copyright Australian Plant Image Index (APII). Photographer: M. Fagg.
Herbarium specimen. Copyright DERM
Hypericum gramineum G.Forst.
Forster, J.G. (1786) Florulae Insularum Australium Prodromus: 53. Type: Nova Caledonia.
Small St. John's Wort
Plant up to 30 cm tall. Stems solitary or ± cespitose, unbranched below inflorescence or variously branched. Stems 4-lined.
Leaf blades about 8-17 x 3-7 mm, thickly papery, abaxially paler and sometimes glaucous; petioles nil, base of the leaf blade clasping the stem. Oil dots clearly visible with a lens, intramarginal glands dense; floral leaves stem-clasping.
Terminal cymes usually with 3 or more flowers, rarely flowers solitary and axillary; bracts and bracteoles triangular-lanceolate to linear; flowers 5-12 mm diam.; pedicels erect, 5-15 mm long. Sepals erect, lanceolate to narrowly elliptic, subequal to unequal, 2.8-5[-9] × [0.8-]1.5-2 mm, apex acute to subacute, veins 3-5; petals Petals obovate to oblanceolate, 5-10 × 2-5 mm, about. 1.3 × as long as sepals; laminar glands few. Stamens 20-50, mostly free, persistent; ovary narrowly ovoid-conic; styles 3, 0.7-1.8 mm, ca. 0.9 × as long as ovary, ± spreading.
Features not available.
Distribution and Ecology
Occurs in all States. Altitudinal range from 3-1010 m. Grows in rainforest margins and openings in forest, open Eucalypt forest, open Melaleuca forest, open Eucalypt woodland, heathland and in wooded grassland. Also occurs in Bhutan, NE India, Papua New Guinea, Vietnam and Pacific islands (Hawaii, New Caledonia, New Zealand).
Causes photosensitization and enteritis (Webb 1948).
Herb (herbaceous or woody, under 1 m tall)