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Scale bar 10mm. Copyright CSIRO
Leaves and Flowers. Copyright CSIRO
Flowers. Copyright B. Gray
10th leaf stage. Copyright CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, epigeal germination. Copyright CSIRO
Hypoestes floribunda R.Br.
Brown, R. (1810) Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandiae: 474. Type: Queensland, Shoalwater Bay, Conical Pine Hill, 3 Sept. 1802, R. Brown 2949; lecto: BM; iso: BM, K, (MEL, BRI, G-DC. probable iso.).
Hypoestes floribunda R.Br. var. floribunda, Flora Australiensis 4: 554(1868), Type: ?. Hypoestes floribunda var. velutina R.M.Barker, Journal of the Adelaide Botanic Gardens 9: 209(1986), Type: Hyland 9829, 30.v.1979, Bucks Gully Scrub, deciduous vine thicket (QRS).. Hypoestes moschata F.Muell. & Holtze, Select Extra-tropical Plants ed. 8: 529(1891), Type: Arnheims Land.. Hypoestes floribunda var. suaveolens (C.A.Gardner) R.M.Barker, Journal of the Adelaide Botanic Gardens 9: 223(1986), Type: ?. Hypoestes floribunda subsp. densiflora Benth., Flora Australiensis 4: 554(1868), Type: N. Australia. Lagrange Bay, N.W. Coast, Marten. Queensland. Moreton Bay, A. Cunningham, F. Mueller; Rockhampton, Thozet; Edgecombe and Rockingham. Hypoestes suaveolens C.A.Gardner, WA Forests Department Bulletin 32: 91(1923), Type: Rocky elevations near Vansittart Bay. Fl. July-August; also near Mount Agnes, Prince Regent, and Moran Rivers. Hypoestes laxiflora Nees, Prodromus 11: 508(1847), Type: In insulae Javae (Junghuhn!), in Philipinis (Cuming! n. 1019, in h. Benth.. Hook., berol., etc.). Hypoestes floribunda var. yorkensis R.M.Barker, Journal of the Adelaide Botanic Gardens 9: 212(1986), Type: Clarkson 4567, 15.x.1982, 112 km W of Merapah on the blazed track to Peret, c. 30 km S of Aurukun, levee of Archer River (AD). Hypoestes floribunda var. varia R.M.Barker, Journal of the Adelaide Botanic Gardens 9: 216(1986), Type: McKean B602, 8.vi.1972, 3 miles NW Adelaide River Township (CANB); isotypes: (DNA, NT).. Hypoestes floribunda subsp. paniculata Benth., Flora Australiensis 4: 554(1868), Type: N. Australia. South Goulburn Island, A. Cunningham; Cape Upstart, Bynoe; Port Essington, Armstrong.. Hypoestes floribunda var. paniculata (Benth.) Ewart & O.B.Davies, Flora of the Northern Territory: 252(1917), Type: ?. Hypoestes floribunda var. distans (Benth.) Ewart & O.B.Davies, Flora of the Northern Territory: 252(1917), Type: ?. Hypoestes floribunda var. cinerea R.M.Barker, Journal of the Adelaide Botanic Gardens 9: 214(1986), Type: Kanis 1849, 16.vii.1974, road along 7 mile Creek, c. 20 km West of Wollogorang (CANB); isotype: (NT).. Hypoestes floribunda var. angustifolia Benth., Flora Australiensis 4: 554(1868), Type: Victoria and Fitzmaurice rivers, F. Mueller.. Hypoestes floribunda var. pubescens Benth., Flora Australiensis 4: 554(1868), Type: Wide Bay, Bidwill; Burdekin river, Leichhardt; N. coast of Arnhems Land, Kinley. N.S. Wales, Clarence river, Beckler.. Hypoestes floribunda var. canescens Benth., Flora Australiensis 4: 554(1868), Type: Cape York, Daemel. Hypoestes floribunda subsp. distans Benth., Flora Australiensis 4: 554(1868), Type: Hunters River, N.W. Coast, A. Cunningham..
Native Holly; Musk-scented Plant
Usually flowers and fruits as a herb or shrub up to about 1 m tall.
Twigs usually pubescent, longitudinally ridged. Leaf blades about 0.7-9 x 0.8-2.5 cm, pubescent on both the upper and lower surfaces, more densely so on the midrib and lateral veins on the undersurface. Leaf oil dots or glands elongated, streaky when viewed with a lens.
Calyx segments usually shorter than the inner bracts. Corolla tube about 5-10 mm long, upper lip 7-14 mm long. One lip of the corolla held at right angles to the main axis of the flower. Lips of the corolla reddish purple but the corolla tube +/- white. Staminal filaments pubescent at least in the basal half. Base of the ovary surrounded by a large lobed gland.
Calyx green, persisting at the base of the fruit but completely hidden by the bracts. Capsule narrow-oblong, clavate, about 9-12.5 mm long, approximating or extending beyond the involucre. Seeds confined to the upper half of the capsule. Seeds flat, patelliform, testa rugose. Cotyledons much wider than the radicle.
Cotyledons about 9-15 x 10-17 mm. Cotyledons +/- 3-veined and the outer veins loop around and rejoin the midrib near the apex. First pair of leaves opposite, leaf blades densely clothed in white prostrate hairs on the undersurface. At the tenth leaf stage: stem, petiole and leaf blade underside clothed in very short pale hairs. Stems swollen just above each pair of leaves.
Distribution and Ecology
Endemic to Australia, occurs in WA, NT, CYP and NEQ and southwards to north-eastern New South Wales. Altitudinal range from near sea level to 1000 m. Grows in a variety of forest types from brigalow scrub to frontal dune vegetation. When found in rain forests it is usually in the drier more open rain forests, monsoon forest and vine thickets.
Food plant for the larval stages of the Blue Argus Butterfly. Sankowsky & Nielsen (2000).
Leaf and stem material of this species was active against some tumors. Collins et al. (1990).
everal varieties are recognised.
Herb (herbaceous or woody, under 1 m tall)
Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)