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Vine stem transverse section. Copyright CSIRO
Leaves and male flowers. Copyright CSIRO
Vine stem bark and vine stem transverse section. Copyright CSIRO
Leaves and fruits. Copyright A. Ford & F. Goulter
Fruits and seed. Copyright W. T. Cooper
Cotyledon stage, epigeal germination. Copyright CSIRO
Scale bar 10mm. Copyright CSIRO
10th leaf stage. Copyright CSIRO
Hypserpa decumbens (R.Br. ex Benth.) Diels
Diels, F.L.E. (1910) Das Pflanzenreich Heft 46: 212. Type: ?.
Adeliopsis decumbens Benth., Genera Plantarum 1: 436(1862), Type: N.E. coast, near Cape Fear (Fair Cape?), R. Brown.
Hyperpa; Hairy Hypserpa
Vine stem diameters to 14 cm recorded. Concentric growth rings visible in stem transverse sections.
Leaf blades about 4.5-13 x 2.5-7.5 cm, petioles about 1-2.2 cm long. Young twigs and petioles densely clothed in dark brown or pale hairs. Upper surface of the leaf blade eventually becoming almost glabrous. Underside of the leaf blade clothed in brown or pale hairs. Oak grain in the twigs.
Male flowers: Flowers borne in short dense racemes. Sepals four or five, ovate, about 1-2 mm long, outer surface clothed in hairs. Petals five or six, arranged in two whorls. Petals obovate or spathulate, about 2-3.5 x 1 mm. Stamens 12-15, each about 2-3 mm long. Anthers globose or wider than long. Female flowers: Flowers borne in short racemes. Sepals two to four, triangular, about 1-2 mm long. Petals six to eight, outer petals oblong, about 2-2.5 mm long, inner petals obovate or spathulate, about 1.5 mm long. Ovaries three. Ovules one per ovary.
Fruits +/- globose, sometimes paired, about 6-7 mm diam. Seeds about 5 x 3.5 mm. Embryo circular or U-shaped, about 11-12 mm in total length. Cotyledons up to 6 mm long. Radicle about 3-6 mm long. Radicle and cotyledons of similar widths.
Cotyledons linear, about 10-15 x 1 mm, no midrib or other venation visible. First pair of leaves ovate, apex apiculate, base rounded. At the tenth leaf stage: leaf blade cordate, about 8 x 5 cm, apex apiculate, base cordate, midrib slightly raised on the upper surface.
Distribution and Ecology
Endemic to Australia, occurs in NT, CYP, NEQ and southwards as far as north-eastern New South Wales. Altitudinal range in northern Australia from near sea level to 1150 m. Grows in lowland an upland rain forest.