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Scale bar 10mm. Copyright CSIRO
Infructescences and fruits. Copyright CSIRO
Habit, leaves and flowers. Copyright CSIRO
Flowers. Copyright CSIRO
Leaves and Flowers. Copyright A. Ford & F. Goulter
10th leaf stage. Copyright CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, epigeal germination. Copyright CSIRO
Jacquemontia paniculata (Burm.f.) Hallier f.
Hallier, J.G. (1893) Botanische Jahrbucher 18: 95. Type: ?.
Jacquemontia paniculata Hallier f. var. paniculata, Blumea 3: 274(1939), Type: ?. Convolvulus multivalvis R.Br., Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandiae: 483(1810), Type: Northern Australia, R. Brown; holo: BM?. Convolvulus parviflorus Vahl, Symbolae Botanicae 3: 29(1794), Type: Habitat in Java. Dedit Dn. BURMANNUS.
A slender vine not exceeding a stem diameter of 2 cm.
Leaf blades about 4-5 x 3.5-4.5 cm, petioles about 1.2-1.4 cm long. Upper and lower surfaces sparsely clothed in hairs.
Fruits globular, about 5 x 4 mm, sepals persistent, +/- enveloping the fruit. Seeds up to 4 per fruit, each seed quadrant-shaped, about 2.5 mm long, testa glabrous to slightly tuberculate. Cotyledons folded once transversely. Radicle much narrower than the cotyledons. Endosperm not intruding between the cotyledons.
Cotyledons obovate, about 6-12 x 5-9 mm, apex emarginate, 3-5-veined at the base, midrib branched and not extending to the apex. First leaves ovate to cordate, apex acuminate, base truncate to obtuse to cordate. Upper and lower leaf blade surfaces clothed in 3-armed stellate hairs. At the tenth leaf stage: leaf blade narrowly ovate to cordate, about 5-6 x 3 cm, apex acuminate, base cordate to obtuse, petiole about 2-2.5 cm long. Leaves 3-5-veined at the base. Leaf blades almost glabrous to densely clothed in two or three-armed hairs. Stems twining.
Distribution and Ecology
Occurs in WA, NT, CYP, NEQ and southwards to coastal central Queensland almost to south-eastern Queensland. Altitudinal range in northern Australia from near sea level to 550 m. Often grows in open forest but also found in vine thicket or on the edges of monsoon forest or rain forest. Also occurs in East Africa, Madagascar, SE Asia, Malesia and the Pacific islands e.g. New Caledonia.
Herb (herbaceous or woody, under 1 m tall)