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Inflorescence. Copyright Australian Plant Image Index (APII). Photographer: M. Fagg.
Scale bar 10mm. Copyright CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, epigeal germination. Copyright CSIRO
10th leaf stage. Copyright CSIRO
Juncus usitatus L.A.S.Johnson
Johnson, L.A.S. (1961) Contributions from the New South Wales National Herbarium 3(3): 241. Type: Queensland, Cheltenham, L.A.S. Johnson 23.11.1952 (NSW 20734). ISOTYPES in K (distributed as J.polyanthemos Buchen.) and CHR.
Soft Rush; Rush
Sometimes exceeds 1 m in height but usually flowers and fruits when smaller.
'Leaves' about 1-1.5 m long, cylindrical, terete, about 1.5-3 mm diam., inside filled with white pith. Base of leaf encased in sheathing bracts about 40-120 mm long. 'Leaves' produced in a straight line along a rhizome. True leaves are scale-like and inconspicuous.
Inflorescence glabrous arising from within a 'leaf', one inflorescence per 'leaf'. Each flower subtended by 2-3 bracts. Perianth in two whorls. each consisting of three papery tepals about 1.3-2 mm long. Ovules numerous. Stigmas three, each curled like a corkscrew.
Fruits 3-sided, about 2 mm long, perianth persistent at the base. Seeds numerous, golden brown, minute, longitudinally ribbed.
First true leaves are scale-like, sessile and lack or contain little chlorophyll, apex mucronate. At the tenth leaf stage: stems are terete and resemble leaves as they contain chlorophyll but the true leaves are scale-like and inconspicuous.
Distribution and Ecology
Occurs in NEQ and southwards as far as Victoria. Altitudinal range in NEQ from 600-1200 m. Usually grows in swampy or wet areas but also found in moist areas along roads and in disturbed areas in upland and mountain rain forest. Also occurs in New Caledonia and New Zealand.
Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)