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Family Profile

Lamiaceae

Family Description

A family of about 236 genera and 7173 species, world wide.

Genera

Anisomeles - A genus of five or six species in Africa, SE Asia, Malesia and Australia; probably only one species occurs naturally in Australia. Keng (1978).

Basilicum - A genus of six or seven species in Africa, Asia, Malesia and Australia; one or two species occur naturally in Australia. Keng (1978).

Callicarpa - A genus of about 150 species, pantropic and warm temperate; seven species occur naturally in Australia. Munir (1982).

Clerodendrum - A genus of nearly 600 species, pantropic but extending to warm temperate regions; ten species occur naturally in Australia. Munir (1989).

Faradaya - A genus of about 18 species in Malesia, Australia and the Pacific islands; two species occur naturally in Australia. Munir (1987b). It is expected that further studies may show that only one species occurs in Australia and the genus contains only three species. Kok & Mabberley (1999).

Glossocarya - A genus of about ten species in Asia, Malesia and Australia; three species occur naturally in Australia. Munir (1990).

Gmelina - A genus of more than 300 species in Africa, Asia, Malesia and Australia; four species occur naturally in Australia. Munir (1984b).

Hyptis - A genus of about 300 species in tropical and subtropical America; two species have become naturalised in Australia. Hnatiuk (1990); Keng (1978).

Leonotis - A genus of about 9 species in Africa, America and Asia; two species have become naturalised in Australia. Hnatiuk (1990); Keng (1978).

Leucas - A genus of ca.100 species: Africa, Asia and the Pacific Islands; one native species and 4 species are naturalised in Australia.

Petraeovitex - A genus of eight species in Malesia, Australia and the Pacific islands; one species occurs naturally in Australia. Munir (1965).

Pityrodia - A genus of 40 or more species endemic to Australia. Munir (1979).

Platostoma - A genus of about 45 species; one species occurs naturally in Australia.

Plectranthus - A genus of ca.200 species and occurs in Africa, Asia, Malesia, Australia, the islands of the SW Pacific and Hawaii; 15 or more species occur naturally in Australia. Most Australian species tend to grow among boulders or on rocky areas with otherwise sparse vegetation. A number of these species have a rather similar appearance and are difficult to distinguish from one another.

Premna - A genus of about 200 species in Africa, Asia, Malesia, Australia and the Pacific islands; seven species occur naturally in Australia. Munir (1984a).

Salvia - A genus of about 500 species in temperate and subtropical regions of the world; probably only one species occurs naturally in Australia but several species have become naturalised. Keng (1978).

Spartothamnella - A genus of three species endemic to Australia. Stanley & Ross (1986).

Vitex - A genus of about 250 species, pantropic, a few species extending into warm temperate regions; eight species occur naturally in Australia. Munir (1987a).

References

Blake, S.T. (1971). A revision of Plectranthus (Labiatae) in Australia. Contributions from the Queensland Herbarium 9:1-120.

Bramley, G.L.C, Forest, F. & De Kok, R.P.J. (2009). Troublesome tropical mints: re-examining generic limits of Vitex and relations (Lamiaceae) in South East Asia. Telopea 58(2): 500-510

De Kok, R.P.J. & Mabberley, D.J. (1999). The genus Faradaya (Labiatae). Blumea 44:321-342.

Forster, P.I. (1992). Five new species of Plectranthus L. Herit (Lamiaceae) from Queensland. Austrobaileya 3:729-740.

Forster, P.I. (1994). Ten new species of Plectranthus L'Her. (Lamiaceae) from Queensland. Austrobaileya 4:159-186.

Hnatiuk, R.J. (1990). 'Census of Australian Vascular Plants.' Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11, (Australian Government Publishing Service: Canberra.), 650 pp.

Keng, H. (1978). Labiatae. Flora Malesiana. 8: 301-394.

Conn, B.J. (1999). Flora of Victoria 4: 418.

Mabberley, D.J. (2008). Mabberley's Plant-Book Edn. 3.: 938

Munir, A.A. (1965). A revision of Petraeovitex (Verbenaceae). Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 21:215-257.

Munir, A.A. (1979). A taxonomic revision of the genus Pityrodia (Chloanthaceae). Journal of the Adelaide Botanic Gardens 2:1-138.

Munir, A.A. (1982). A taxonomic revision of the genus Callicarpa L. (Verbenaceae) in Australia. Journal of the Adelaide Botanic Gardens 6:5-39.

Munir, A.A. (1984a). A taxonomic revision of the genus Premna L. (Verbenaceae) in Australia. Journal of the Adelaide Botanic Gardens 7:1-43.

Munir, A.A. (1984b). A taxonomic revision of the genus Gmelina L. (Verbenaceae) in Australia. Journal of the Adelaide Botanic Gardens 7:91-116.

Munir, A.A. (1987a). A taxonomic revision of the genus Vitex L. (Verbenaceae) in Australia. Journal of the Adelaide Botanic Gardens 10:31-79.

Munir, A.A. (1987b). A taxonomic revision of the genus Faradaya F.Muell. (Verbenaceae) in Australia. Journal of the Adelaide Botanic Gardens 10:165-177.

Munir, A.A. (1989). A taxonomic revision of the genus Clerodendrum L. (Verbenaceae) in Australia. Journal of the Adelaide Botanic Gardens 11:101-173.

Munir, A.A. (1990). A taxonomic revision of the genus Glossocarya Wallich ex Griffith (Verbenaceae) in Australia. Journal of the Adelaide Botanic Gardens 13:17-34.

Paczkowska, G. & Chapman, A.R. (Ed) (2000), The Western Australian Flora, a descriptive catalogue: 271.