Click on images
Scale bar 10mm. Copyright CSIRO
Fruit, three views, cross section and seeds. Copyright W. T. Cooper
Flower and bud. Copyright Barry Jago
10th leaf stage. Copyright CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, epigeal germination. Copyright CSIRO
Lasianthus strigosus Wight
Wight, R. (1846) Calcutta Journal of Natural History 6: 512. Type: Ceylon.
Usually flowers and fruits as a shrub 1-2 m tall.
Young shoots, lower surface of the leaf blade and twigs clothed in pale brown +/- prostrate hairs. Leaf blades about 8-18 x 2-4 cm, lateral veins curving inside the blade margin but not forming definite loops. Petiole grooved or channelled on the upper surface. Stipules triangular, about 2-4 mm long, clothed in prostrate hairs.
Inflorescence shorter than or approximating the length of the petioles. Calyx tube (hypanthium) about 2.5-3 mm long, calyx lobes about 0.5 mm long, outer surface hairy, inner surface glabrous. Corolla tube about 5 mm long, corolla lobes about 5 mm long, inflexed or hooked at the apex. Inner surface of the corolla lobes and the upper part of the corolla tube densely clothed in white hairs. Anthers about 1.5 mm long, filaments glabrous. Pollen white. Ovules attached near the base of the locules.
Fruits ovoid, about 10-15 x 8-10 mm diam., metallic blue or black in colour, calyx lobes persistent at the apex. Seeds about four per fruit, about 4-6 x 2-3 mm, convex on one side and concave on the other. Endosperm very oily. Cotyledons about as wide as the radicle.
Cotyledons orbicular, about 7-8 mm diam. First pair of leaves opposite, margins 'toothed' with a comparatively large hair at the apex of each tooth. At the tenth leaf stage: leaf blade narrowly elliptic, margin appears toothed because of the presence of a row of hairs. Stipules narrowly triangular, about 3 mm long, densely clothed in reddish long hairs.
Distribution and Ecology
The numerous purple or blue fruits make this a desirable garden shrub though plants may be short lived.
Herb (herbaceous or woody, under 1 m tall)
Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)