Click on images
Flower. Copyright Barry Jago
10th leaf stage. Copyright CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, hypogeal germination. Copyright CSIRO
Scale bar 10mm. Copyright CSIRO
Fruit, many views and longitudinal section. Copyright W. T. Cooper
Inflorescences and flowers. Copyright CSIRO
Flower with extra tepal. Copyright Barry Jago
Molineria capitulata (Lour.) Herb.
Herbert, W. (1837) Amaryllidaceae: 84. Type: ?.
Leucojum capitulatum Lour., Fl. Cochinch.: 199(1790), Type: ?. Curculigo recurvata W.TAiton, Hortus Kew 2nd edn 2: 253(1811), Type: cult. Hort. Kew ex Bengal, 1805; holo: ?. Molineria plicata Colla, Hortus Ripul.: 331-3(1824), Type: cult. Hort. Ripulensis ex Hort. Cels ex ?Sumatra; holo: ?.
Usually flowers and fruits as a palm-like plant about 1 m tall, occasionally flowers when smaller.
Flower heads about 2-6 cm diam. on peduncles about 2-12 cm long arising from the base of the plant. Outer surface of all perianth parts clothed in pale brown +/- prostrate woolly hairs. Perianth tube about 1-2 mm long. Perianth lobes about 8.5-9.5 x 3-4 mm. Stamens six, about 6-7 mm long, anthers about 4.5-5.5 mm long. Pollen yellow. Ovary +/- unilocular with parietal placentation near the apex but +/- 3-locular with axile placentation towards the base. Style about 10-11 mm long, stigma about as wide at the style.
Fruits about 7-8 x 6-6.5 mm. Surface of the fruit clothed in +/- prostrate, brown stellate hairs. Seeds dark brown, about 1.5-2.3 mm, immersed in a white pulp. Testa rugose and ribbed or grooved. Embryo small, sausage-shaped, about 0.5 mm long.
First pair of leaves linear or narrowly lanceolate, apex aristate, base attenuate, glabrous, sessile or petiole winged and sheathing the stem. Blade longitudinally veined or ribbed. At the tenth leaf stage: leaf blade linear, apex aristate, base attenuate, petiole clasping the stem. Blade plicate in the bud and longitudinally veined or ribbed when fully expanded. Roots when broken emit an odour like that of parsley (Petroselinum hortense).
Distribution and Ecology
Widely grown for its large palm-like leaves and ease of cultivation. Previously known as Curculigo.
Herb (herbaceous or woody, under 1 m tall)
Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)