Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants banner
  • Species information
  • About
  • Resources
  • Home
banner
ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ

Opilia amentacea

Family

Opiliaceae

Botanical Name

Opilia amentacea Roxb.

Roxburgh, W. (1802) Plants of the Coast of Coromandel: 31. Type: This is a small tree, a native of the mountainous parts of the Circars.

Common name

Opilia

Stem

Usually grows as a vine but can flower and fruit as a shrub about 2-5 m tall. Vine stem diameters to 9 cm recorded. Vascular rays more obvious in transverse sections of the bark than in the wood.

Leaves

Leaf blades about 5-16 x 2-5 cm, petioles about 0.1-1 cm long. Lateral veins curving but not forming definite loops inside the blade margin. Reticulate veins tend to run +/- at right angles to the midrib. Dried leaves tuberculate on the upper surface. Leaf bearing twigs usually green and glabrous and arranged as short shoots on the main twigs or branches. Lateral branches flattened and modified to form tendrils.

Flowers

Inflorescence bracts broadly ovate, caducous, shed before anthesis, usually three flowers per bract. Tepals about 1.5 mm long, Stamens about 1.8 mm long. Ovary about 1 mm long.

Fruit

Fruits about 15-30 x 12-18 mm, pedicels thickened towards the base. Perianth remnants persistent at the base of the fruit. Seeds about 18 x 12 mm. Endosperm white. Embryo about 13-15 mm long, cotyledons difficult to distinguish, each one about 5 mm long, no wider than the radicle.

Seedlings

Tap root white, somewhat thickened, cataphylls numerous, about 6-8. At the tenth leaf stage: leaf blade lanceolate, apex acuminate, base cuneate, petiole absent. Dried leaves tuberculate or pusticulate on the upper surface. Lenticels usually conspicuous on the stem.

Distribution and Ecology

Occurs in WA, NT, CYP and NEQ. Altitudinal range from near sea level to 500 m. Grows in monsoon forest, vine thickets and similar vegetation types, commonly found close to the sea but not restricted to maritime situations. Also occurs in Africa, Asia and Malesia.

Natural History

May be parasitic on the roots of other plants.

WA

X

NT

X

CYP

X

NEQ

X

Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)

X

Vine

X

RFK Code

2126