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Scale bar 10mm. Copyright CSIRO
Inflorescence and flowers. Copyright CSIRO
Fruit and side view. Copyright W. T. Cooper
10th leaf stage. Copyright CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, epigeal germination. Copyright CSIRO
Polyscias murrayi (F.Muell.) Harms
Harms, H.A.T. in Engler, H.G.A. & Prantl, K.A.E. (1894) Die Naturlichen Pflanzenfamilien 3(8): 45. Type: ?.
Tieghemopanax murrayi (F.Muell.) R.Vig., Bulletin de la Societie Botanique de France 52: 310(1905), Type: ?. Panax murrayi F.Muell., Fragmenta Phytographiae Australiae 2: 106(1861), Type: In vallibus montium silvaticorum sinum Twofold Bay versus..
Umbrella Tree; Celerywood; Chinky Pine; Murray's Basswood; Pencil Cedar; Pine, Chinky; Cedar, Pencil; White Basswood; Pencil Wood
Compound leaves with a large number (up to 30 or more) of leaflets. Stipule-like growths produced on the upper surface of the compound leaf rhachis where the leaflets are attached. Leaflet blades about 5-16 x 2-4.5 cm.
Fruits depressed globular in outline, but conspicuously laterally compressed, about 4-4.5 x 6 x 4 mm, longitudinally ribbed or grooved. Style arms divergent, persisting at the apex of the mature fruit. Embryo very small.
Cotyledons ovate or elliptic, about 5-8 mm long. First pair of leaves simple. At the tenth leaf stage: leaflet blades ovate or linear-ovate, slightly unequal-sided at the base, serrate, glabrous, teeth small; small glands or hairs occur on the rhachis of the compound leaf at the junctions of the leaflet stalks; petioles, stem and terminal bud glabrous.
Distribution and Ecology
Endemic to Australia, widespread in NEQ and southwards to Victoria. Altitudinal range from near sea level to 1100 m. Usually grows in well developed rain forest. A characteristic tree of disturbed forest particularly along snig tracks and road edges.
A characteristic species along recently constructed roads in rainforest. This species thrives on disturbances.
Fruit eaten by several species of birds. Leaves eaten by Herbert River Ringtail Possums. Cooper & Cooper (1994).