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Family Profile

Proteaceae

Family Description

A family of about 75 genera and more than 1000 species, pantropic but extending into temperate areas in the southern hemisphere. South Africa and Australia are centres of diversity; 45 genera occur naturally in Australia.

Genera

Alloxylon - A genus of four species in New Guinea and Australia; three species occur naturally in Australia. Crisp & Weston (1995); Francis (1970); Weston & Crisp (1991).

Athertonia - A monotypic genus endemic to Australia. Johnson & Briggs (1975); Weston (1995c).

Austromuellera - A genus of two species endemic to Australia. White (1930).

Banksia - A genus of more than 70 species in New Guinea and Australia; all species occur naturally in Australia. George (1981).

Buckinghamia - A genus of two species endemic to Australia. Foreman & Hyland (1988, 1995).

Cardwellia - A monotypic genus endemic to Australia. Francis (1970); Hyland (1995c).

Carnarvonia - A monotypic genus endemic to Australia. Douglas (1996); Francis (1970); Hyland (1995a).

Catalepidia - A monotypic genus endemic to Australia. Weston (1995d).

Darlingia - A genus of two species endemic to Australia. Francis (1970); Hyland (1995b); Johnson (1962).

Eidothea - A genus of two species endemic to Australia. Douglas & Hyland (1995); Weston & Kooyman (2002).

Gevuina - A genus of three species in New Guinea, Australia, Chile and Argentina; one species occurs naturally in Australia. Smith & Haas (1975); Weston (1995a).

Grevillea - A genus of about 250 species in east Malesia, Australia, New Caledonia and Vanuatu; about 250 species occur naturally in Australia. Bailey (1901); McGillivray (1986, 1993).

Helicia - A genus of about 90 species in Asia, Japan, Taiwan, Malesia, Australia and the Pacific islands; nine species occur naturally in Australia. Foreman (1983, 1986, 1995c).

Hicksbeachia - A genus of two species endemic to Australia. Weston (1988, 1995b).

Hollandaea - A genus of three species endemic to Australia. Hyland, (1995d); Smith (1956).

Lasjia - A genus of five species in eastern Malesia, New Guinea and Australia, previously included in Macadamia. Gross (1995); Gross & Hyland (1993); Smith (1956); Mast, A.R., et al (2008).

Lomatia - A genus of 12 species in Australia and South America; nine species occur naturally in Australia. Francis (1970); Wilson et al. (1995).

Megahertzia - A monotypic genus endemic to Australia. George & Hyland (1995b).

Musgravea - A genus of two species endemic to Australia. Francis (1970); Smith (1969).

Neorites - A monotypic genus endemic to Australia. Hewson (1995b); Smith (1969).

Nothorites - A monotypic genus endemic to Australia. Mast et al (2008)

Opisthiolepis - A monotypic genus endemic to Australia. Foreman (1995b); Smith (1952).

Orites - A genus of nine or ten species in Australia and South America; seven or eight species occur naturally in Australia. George & Hyland (1995a); White (1933).

Placospermum - A monotypic genus endemic to Australia. Weston (1995a); White & Francis (1924).

Sphalmium - A monotypic genus endemic to Australia. Briggs et al. (1975); Hewson (1995a).

Stenocarpus - A genus of about 25 species in New Guinea, Australia and New Caledonia; nine species occur naturally in Australia. Foreman (1995a); Foreman & Hyland (1988).

Triunia - A genus of four species endemic to Australia. Foreman (1987, 1995d).

References

Bailey, F.M. (1901). Proteaceae. In 'The Queensland Flora.' Part 4, (H.J. Diddams & Co.: Brisbane.), pp. 1316-1361.

Briggs, B.G., Hyland, B.P.M. & Johnson, L.A.S. (1975). Sphalmium a distinctive new genus of Proteaceae from north Queensland. Australian Journal of Botany 23:165-172.

Crisp, M.D. & Weston, P.H. (1995). Alloxylon. In 'Flora of Australia.' Vol. 16, (CSIRO Australia: Melbourne.), pp. 383-386.

Douglas, A.W. (1996). Inflorescence and floral development of Carnarvonia (Proteaceae). Telopea 6:749-774.

Douglas, A.W. & Hyland, B.P.M. (1995). Subfam. 3. Eidotheoideae. In 'Flora of Australia.' Vol. 16, (CSIRO Australia: Melbourne.), pp. 127-128.

Foreman, D.B. (1983). A review of the genus Helicia Lour. (Proteaceae) in Australia. Brunonia 6:59-72.

Foreman, D.B. (1986). A new species of Helicia, new combinations and lectotypification in Triunia (Proteaceae) from Australia. Muelleria 6:193-196.

Foreman, D.B. (1987). New species of Xylomelum Sm. & Triunia Johnson and Briggs (Proteaceae). Muelleria 6:299-305.

Foreman, D.B. (1995a). Stenocarpus. In 'Flora of Australia.' Vol. 16, (CSIRO Australia: Melbourne.), pp. 363-369.

Foreman, D.B. (1995b). Opisthiolepis. In 'Flora of Australia.' Vol. 16, (CSIRO Australia: Melbourne.), pp. 373-374.

Foreman, D.B. (1995c). Helicia. In 'Flora of Australia.' Vol. 16, (CSIRO Australia: Melbourne.), pp. 393-399.

Foreman, D.B. (1995d). Triunia. In 'Flora of Australia.' Vol. 16, (CSIRO Australia: Melbourne.), pp. 404-407.

Foreman, D.B. & Hyland B.P.M. (1988). New species of Buckinghamia F.Muell. and Stenocarpus R.Br. (Proteaceae) from northern Queensland. Muelleria 6:417-424.

Foreman, D.B. & Hyland, B.P. M. (1995). Buckinghamia. In 'Flora of Australia.' Vol. 16, (CSIRO Australia: Melbourne.), pp. 371-373.

Francis, W.D. (1970). 'Australian Rain-Forest Trees.' (Australian Government Publishing Service: Canberra.), 468 pp.

George, A.S. (1981). The genus Banksia L. f. (Proteaceae). Nuytsia 3:239-473.

George, A.S. & Hyland, B.P.M. (1995a). Orites. In 'Flora of Australia.' Vol. 16, (CSIRO Australia: Melbourne.), pp. 346-352.

George, A.S. & Hyland, B.P.M. (1995b). Megahertzia. In 'Flora of Australia.' Vol. 16, (CSIRO Australia: Melbourne.), pp. 355.

Gross, C.L. (1995). Macadamia. In 'Flora of Australia.' Vol. 16, (CSIRO Australia: Melbourne.), pp. 419-425.

Gross, C.L. & Hyland, B.P.M. (1993). Two new species of Macadamia (Proteaceae), from North Queensland. Australian Systematic Botany 6:343-350.

Hewson, H.J. (1995a). Sphalmium. In 'Flora of Australia.' Vol. 16, (CSIRO Australia: Melbourne.), pp. 342-343.

Hewson, H.J. (1995b). Neorites. In 'Flora of Australia.' Vol. 16, (CSIRO Australia: Melbourne.), pp. 352-353.

Hyland, B.P.M. (1995a). Carnarvonia. In 'Flora of Australia.' Vol. 16, (CSIRO Australia: Melbourne.), pp. 343-345.

Hyland, B.P.M. (1995b). Darlingia. In 'Flora of Australia.' Vol. 16, (CSIRO Australia: Melbourne.), pp. 356-357.

Hyland, B.P.M. (1995c). Cardwellia. In 'Flora of Australia.' Vol. 16, (CSIRO Australia: Melbourne.), p. 359.

Hyland, B.P.M. (1995d). Hollandaea. In 'Flora of Australia.' Vol. 16, (CSIRO Australia: Melbourne.), pp. 391-393.

Johnson, L.A.S. (1962). Taxonomic notes on Australian plants. Contributions from the New South Wales National Herbarium 3:93-102.

Johnson, L.A.S. & Briggs, B.G. (1975). On the Proteaceae - the evolution and classification of a southern family. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 70:83-182.

Johnson, L.A.S. & Briggs, B.G. (1983). Proteaceae. In Morley, B.D. & Toelken, H.R. (Eds) 'Flowering Plants in Australia.' (Rigby Publishers: Adelaide.), pp. 238-244.

Mast, A.R., Willis, C.L., Jones, E.H., Downs, K.M. & Weston, P.H. (2008) A smaller Macadamia from a more vagile tribe: inference of phylogenetic relationships, divergence times, and diaspore evolution in Macadamia and relatives (tribe Macadamieae; Proteaceae). American Journal of Botany 95(7): 865

McGillivray, D.J. (1986). 'New names in Grevillea (Proteaceae)'. (Published by the author: Castle Hill, NSW.), 16 pp.

McGillivray, D.J. (1993). 'Grevillea, Proteaceae: a taxonomic revision.' (Melbourne University Press: Carlton.), 465 pp.

Rao, C.V. (1957). Cytotaxonomy of the Proteaceae. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 82:257-271.

Rao, C.V. (1971). 'Proteaceae.' Botanical Monograph No. 6, (Council of Scientific & Industrial Research: New Delhi.), 208 pp.

Sleumer, H. (1955). Studies in Old World Proteaceae. Blumea 8:2-95.

Smith, A.C. & Haas, J.E. (1975). Studies of Pacific island plants. XXIX. Bleasdalea and related genera of Proteaceae. American Journal of Botany 62:133-147.

Smith, L.S. (1952). Opisthiolepis, a new genus of Proteaceae from Queensland. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland 62:79-81.

Smith, L.S. (1956). New species of and notes on Queensland plants. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland 67:29-40.

Smith, L.S. (1969). New species of and notes on Queensland plants - V. Contributions from the Queensland Herbarium No. 6:1-25.

Weston, P.H. (1988). A revision of Hicksbeachia (Proteaceae). Telopea 3:231-239.

Weston, P.H. (1995a). Subfam. 1. Persoonioideae. In 'Flora of Australia.' Vol. 16, (CSIRO Australia: Melbourne.), pp. 47-125.

Weston, P.H. (1995b). Hicksbeachia. In 'Flora of Australia.' Vol. 16, (CSIRO Australia: Melbourne.), pp. 410-413.

Weston, P.H. (1995c). Athertonia. In 'Flora of Australia.' Vol. 16, (CSIRO Australia: Melbourne.), pp. 413-415.

Weston, P.H. (1995d). Catalepidia. In 'Flora of Australia.' Vol. 16, (CSIRO Australia: Melbourne.), pp. 415-416.

Weston, P.H. & Crisp, M.D. (1991). Alloxylon (Proteaceae), a new genus from New Guinea and eastern Australia. Telopea 4:497-507.

Weston, P.H. & Kooyman, R.M. (2002). Systematics of Eidothea (Proteaceae) with the discription of a new species, E. hardeniana from the Nightcap Range, north-eastern New South Wales. Telopea 9:82-832.

White, C.T. (1930). A new genus of Proteaceae from north Queensland. Kew Bulletin, 1930:234-235.

White, C.T. (1933). Ligneous plants collected for the Arnold Arboretum in North Queensland by S.F. Kajewski in 1929. Contributions from the Arnold Arboretum of Harvard University 4:1-113.

White, C.T. & Francis, W.D. (1924). Contributions to the Queensland Flora, No. 2. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland 35:63-84.

Wilson, A.J.G., Hewson, H.J. & Mowatt, J. (1995). Lomatia. In 'Flora of Australia.' Vol. 16, (CSIRO Australia: Melbourne.), pp. 374-382.