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Family Profile

Rutaceae

Family Description

A family of more than 161 genera and 1815 species, cosmopolitan but well developed in South Africa and Australia; more than 40 genera occur naturally in Australia.

Genera

Acronychia - A genus of 48 species in Asia, Malesia, Australia, New Caledonia and the Pacific islands; allspecies occur naturally in Australia. Hartley (1974); Hartley (2001).

Boronia - A genus of about 150 species in Australia and New Caledonia; about 140 species occur naturally in Australia. Duretto (1999a, 1999b); Weston & Porteners (1991).

Bosistoa - A genus of four species endemic to Australia. Hartley (1977); Hartley (2001).

Brombya - A genus of two species endemic to Australia. White (1933); Hartley (2001).

Citrus - A genus of about 16 species in Asia and Malesia; six species occur naturally and three species have become naturalised in Australia. Mabberley (1998); Swingle (1944); Mabberley (2004).

Clausena - A genus of about 20-30 species in Africa, Asia, Malesia and Australia; one species occurs naturally in Australia. Bailey (1899); Swingle (1944).

Dinosperma - A genus of 4 species endemic to Australia. Hartley (1997); Hartley (2001).

Eriostemon - A genus of 32 species endemic to Australia. Bayly et al. (1998); Wilson (1970).

Euodia - A genus of 7 species in New Guinea, Australia and the Pacific islands; two species occur naturally in Australia. Most Australian species formerly included in the genus Euodia are now included in the genus Melicope. Hartley (2001).

Flindersia - A genus of 17 species in Malesia, Australia and New Caledonia; 15 species occur naturally in Australia. Hartley (1969); Hartley & Hyland (1975); Hartley & Jessup (1982); Hartley (2001).

Geijera - A genus of six species in New Guinea, Australia, New Caledonia and the Pacific islands; five species occur naturally in Australia. Francis (1970); Hartley (2001); Steenis (1956).

Glycosmis - A genus of more than 40 species in Asia, Malesia and Australia; one or two species occur naturally in Australia. Stone (1985); Swingle (1944).

Halfordia - A genus of one species in New Guinea, Australia and New Caledonia. Floyd (1989); Francis (1970); Hartley (2001).

Harrisonia - A genus of 3-4 species in Africa, Asia, Malesia and Australia; one species occurs naturally in Australia. Hewson (1985).

Leionema - A genus of 22 species in eastern Australia (21 species) and New Zealand 1 species). Wilson (1998).

Lunasia - A monotypic genus in Philippines, Malesia and Australia. Hartley (1967); Hartley (2001).

Luvunga - A genus of about 12 species in Asia, Malesia and Australia; one species occurs naturally in Australia. Mabberley (1998); Pedley (1987); Swingle (1944).

Medicosma - A genus of 25 species in New Guinea, Australia and New Caledonia; six or seven species occur naturally in Australia. Hartley (1985); Hartley (2001).

Melicope - A genus of about 230 or more species in Madagascar, Asia, Malesia, Australia, New Zealand, New Caledonia and the Pacific islands; 12 or 13 species occur naturally in Australia. Hartley (1990, 1994, 2001); Linden (1959); Veldkamp & Rouwenhorst (1987).

Micromelum - A genus of ten species in Asia, Malesia, Australia and the Pacific islands; one species occurs naturally in Australia. Bailey (1899); Swingle (1944).

Murraya - A genus of 12 species in Asia, Malesia, Australia, New Caledonia and the Pacific islands; one or two species occur naturally in Australia. Bailey (1899); Brophy et al. (1994); Swingle (1944).

Phebalium - A genus of 44 species in Australia and New Zealand; 43 species occur naturally in Australia. Wilson (1970).

Pitaviaster - A monotypic genus endemic to Australia. Hartley (1997); Hartley (2001).

Sarcomelicope - A genus of nine species in New Caledonia, Fiji, Australia, Lord Howe Island and Norfolk Island; one species occurs naturally in Australia. Hartley (1982); Hartley (2001).

Zanthoxylum - A genus of about 200 species, pantropic; five or six species occur naturally in Australia. Hartley (1966, 1970).

Zieria - A genus of about 42 species in Australia and New Caledonia; about 41 species occur naturally in Australia. Powell & Armstrong (1980); Armstrong (2002); Duretto & Forster (2007).

References

Armstrong, J.A. (1983). Rutaceae. In Morley, B.C. & Toelken, R. (Eds) 'Flowering Plants in Australia.' (Rigby Publishers: Adelaide.), pp. 194-196.

Armstrong, J.A. (2002). Zieria (Rutaceae): a systematic and evolutionary study. Australian Systematic Botany 15: 277-463.

Bailey, F.M. (1899). Rutaceae. In 'The Queensland Flora.' Part 1, (H.J. Diddams & Co.: Brisbane.), pp. 181-216.

Bailey, F.M. (1904). Contributions to the Queensland Flora. Queensland Agricultural Journal 15:491-495.

Bayly, M.J., Brophy, J.J., Forster, P.I., Goldsack, R.J & Wilson, P.G. (1998). Reinstatement of Eriostemon banksii (Rutaceae). Australian Systematic Botany 11:13-22.

Brophy, J.J., Forster, P.I. & Goldsack, R.J. (1994). Diversity in Australian populations of Murraya paniculata (Rutaceae: new evidence from volatile leaf oils. Australian Systematic Botany 7:409-418.

Duretto, M.F. (1999a). Boronia sect. Valvatae (Benth.) Engl. (Rutaceae) in Queensland, Australia. Austrobaileya 5:263-298.

Duretto, M.F. (1999b). Systematics of Boronia section Valvatae sensu lato (Rutaceae). Muelleria 12:1-131.

Duretto, M.F. & Forster, P.I. (2007). A taxonomic revision of the genus Zieria Sm. (Rutaceae) in Queensland. Austrobaileya 7(3): 472-544.

Floyd, A.G. (1989). Rutaceae. In 'Rainforest Trees of Mainland South-eastern Australia.' (Inkata Press: Melbourne.), pp. 316-345.

Forster, P.I. (1991). Microcitrus garrawayae (Rutaceae) and its distribution in New Guinea and Australia. Telopea 4:357-358.

Francis, W.D. (1970). 'Australian Rain-Forest Trees.' (Australian Government Publishing Service: Canberra.), 468 pp.

Hartley, T.G. (1966). A revision of the Malesian species of Zanthoxylum (Rutaceae). Journal of the Arnold Arboretum 47:171-221.

Hartley, T.G. (1967). A revision of the genus Lunasia (Rutaceae). Journal of the Arnold Arboretum 48:460-475.

Hartley, T.G. (1969). A revision of the genus Flindersia (Rutaceae). Journal of the Arnold Arboretum 50:481-526.

Hartley, T.G. (1970). Additional notes on the Malesian species of Zanthoxylum (Rutaceae). Journal of the Arnold Arboretum 51:423-426.

Hartley, T.G. (1974). A revision of the genus Acronychia (Rutaceae). Journal of the Arnold Arboretum 55:469-567.

Hartley, T.G. (1977). A revision of the genus Bosistoa (Rutaceae). Journal of the Arnold Arboretum 58:416-436.

Hartley, T.G. (1982). A revision of the genus Sarcomelicope (Rutaceae). Australian Journal of Botany 30:359-372.

Hartley, T.G. (1985). A revision of the genus Medicosma (Rutaceae). Australian Journal of Botany 33:27-64.

Hartley, T.G. (1990). A new species and new combinations in Melicope (Rutaceae) in New South Wales. Telopea 4:33-35.

Hartley, T.G. (1994). The genus Melicope (Rutaceae) in Borneo. Sandakania 4:47-74.

Hartley, T.G. (1997). Five new rain forest genera of Australasian Rutaceae. Adansonia Ser. 3, 19:189-212.

Hartley, T.G. (2001). On the taxonomy and biogeography of Euodia and Melicope (Rutaceae). Allertonia 8:1-328.

Hartley, T.G. & Hyland, B.P.M. (1975). Additional notes on the genus Flindersia (Rutaceae). Journal of the Arnold Arboretum 56:243-247.

Hartley, T.G. & Jessup, L.W. (1982). A name change in the genus Flindersia (Rutaceae). Brunonia 5:109.

Hewson, H.J. in George, A.S. (Ed) (1985), Flora of Australia 25: 192

Linden, B.L. van der (1959). Evodiella, a new genus of Papuan Rutaceae. Nova Guinea, new ser., Vol. 10, part 1, pp. 143-148.

Mabberley, D.J. (1998). Australian Citreae with notes on other Aurantioideae (Rutaceae). Telopea 7:333-344.

Mabberley, D.J. (2004). Citrus (Rutaceae): a review of recent advances in etymology, systematics and medical applications. Blumea 49: 481-498.

Pedley, L. (1987). Paramignya Wight (Rutaceae: Citreae) in Australia. Austrobaileya 2:416.

Powell, J.M. & Armstrong, J.A. (1980). Seed surface structure in the genus Zieria Sm. (Rutaceae). Telopea 2:85-112.

Steenis, C.G.G.J. van (1956). Miscellaneous notes on New Guinea plants III. Nova Guinea, new ser., Vol. 7, Part 1, pp. 7-9.

Stone, B.C. (1985). A conspectus of the genus Glycosmis Correa: Studies in Malesian Rutaceae, III. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 137:1-27.

Swingle, W.T. (1944). The botany of Citrus and its wild relatives of the orange subfamily (family Rutaceae, subfamily Aurantioideae). In Batchelor, L.D. & Webber, H.J. (Eds) 'The Citrus Industry.' (University of California Press: Berkeley.), pp. 129-474.

Veldkamp, J.F. & Rouwenhorst, R.J. (1987). A revision of Evodiella (Rutaceae). Blumea 32:195-207.

Weston, P.H. & Porteners, M.F. (1991). Rutaceae. In Harden, G.J. (Ed.) 'Flora of New South Wales.' Vol. 2, (New South Wales University Press: Kensington.), pp. 220-274.

White, C.T. (1933). Ligneous plants collected for the Arnold Arboretum in North Queensland by S.F. Kajewski in 1929. Contributions from the Arnold Arboretum of Harvard University 4:1-113.

Wilson, P.G. (1970). A taxonomic revision of the genera Crowea, Eriostemon and Phebalium (Rutaceae). Nuytsia 1:3-155.

Wilson, P.G. (1998). New species and nomenclatural changes in Phebalium and related genera (Rutaceae). Nuytsia 12:267-288.