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10th leaf stage. Copyright CSIRO
Fruit, dehiscing and arillous seed. Copyright W. T. Cooper
Cotyledon stage, hypogeal germination. Copyright CSIRO
Scale bar 10mm. Copyright CSIRO
Sarcotoechia serrata S.T.Reynolds
Fern Leaved Tamarind; Native Fern Tree; Tamarind, Fern Leaved; Ferny Tamarind
A small tree seldom exceeding 30 cm dbh.
Leaflets about 6-12 in the compound leaf, each leaflet blade about 2-5.5 x 1.2-2.5 cm, sessile or with very short stalks. Blade margin prominently toothed almost to the point of being classed as lobed; midrib raised on the upper surface. Terminal buds and young shoots clothed in pale brown, tortuous, +/- erect hairs which darken with age. Leafy twigs longitudinally grooved.
Inflorescence about 0.5-1 cm long, pedicels about 3-5 mm long. Calyx 2 mm long, lobes narrowly ovate. Petals ovate or acuminate, about 2 mm long. Stamens usually eight, filaments hairy on the lower half, about 2.5-3.5 mm long, inserted inside the disk.
Fruits transversely ellipsoid or obovoid, about 12-23 x 12-25 mm, usually 2-lobed, 2-locular, valves thin, silky inside. Aril minute, confined to the base of the seed. Seeds slightly flattened, ovoid or ellipsoid, about 14-17 x 12-13 mm.
First pair of leaves with 5-9 leaflets, terminal leaflet present, leaflets deeply toothed or lobed. At the tenth leaf stage: leaflets lobed, hairy on the upper surface along the midrib; petiole and rhachis of compound leaf and leaflet stalks hairy, rhachis winged, especially at the younger stages.
Distribution and Ecology
Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)