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Triplaris cumingiana

Family

Polygonaceae

Botanical Name

Triplaris cumingiana Fisch. & C.A. Mey. ex C.A. Mey.

Meyer, C.A. (1845) Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg, Sér. 6, Sci. Math., Seconde Pt. Sci. Nat. 4: 148. Type: Cuming 1108; no date; Chile (W).

Weed

*

Stem

Tree to 10-20 m, but flowers at 3 m, coppicing. Stems with prominent stipular scars. Plants producing either male or female flowers.

Leaves

Leaves ovate to oblong, glabrous or slightly rough and hairy beneath; blade to 28 x 14 cm,; apex acuminate; veins prominent, ca. 20 lateral vein pairs; petiole base slightly stem clasping.

Flowers

Inflorescences male or female; terminal paniculate inflorescences or axillary racemes, to 30 cm long. Male flowers with 2 similar perianth whorls each of three parts, inner 3 lanceolate, outer 3 ovate; 9 stamens. Female flowers with 2 dissimilar whorls each of three parts; inner 3 are small, linear to ovate, outer 3 are large, basally fused and forming a globose tube that has long spreading lobes, pinkish-reddish to cream, enrlaged into wings in fruit; styles 3.

Fruit

Fruit a winged achene, reddish to maturing to brown.

Seedlings

Features not available.

Distribution and Ecology

Occurs in NEQ. Naturalised plants have been recorded from disturbed riparian areas near Cairns. Cultivated plants are more widely planted.

Tree

X

RFK Code

1189