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Viscum ovalifolium

Family

Santalaceae

Botanical Name

Viscum ovalifolium DC.

Candolle, A.P. de (1830) Prodromus 4: 278. Type: Malaysia, Penang, Wallich 489; Holo: K; Iso: BM.

Synonyms

Viscum pedunculatum Barlow, Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales 87: 58(1962), Type: Queensland, Ellis Beach near Cairns; 12 Aug. 1960, B.A. Barlow 128; Holo: BRI.

Stem

Epicortical runners absent.

Leaves

Leaf blades rather brittle, cracking along a straight line went bent back on themselves. Leaf blades about 2-6.7 x 1.5-3 cm, petioles about 0.2-0.5 cm. Leaf blades 3-veined, the venation more prominent on the upper surface.

Flowers

Flowers produced in cymes, the central flower being female. Male flowers: Flowers about 2-3 mm diam. Anthers sessile, 8-10 locular up to 0.5 mm diam.. Female flowers: Flowers about 2 mm diam. Tepals about 1-1.5 x 1 mm. Ovary (hypanthium) about 2.5 mm long. Style absent. Stigma sessile.

Fruit

Fruits somewhat translucent, globular, about 6-8 mm diam, surface somewhat warted before maturity. Perianth lobes not persistent at the apex. Seeds green, flattened, about 5-6 x 5-6 mm. Seeds immersed in a sticky, gelatinous mucilage. Testa transparent to translucent. Endosperm green, embryo darker green, lateral, about 3 x 0.8 mm, cotyledons about 1 mm long.

Seedlings

Features not available.

Distribution and Ecology

Occurs in CYP and NEQ. Altitudinal range from near sea level to 400 m.

Natural History

Grows as a parasite on a variety of rain forest and monsoon forest plants.

CYP

X

NEQ

X

Epiphyte

X

RFK Code

6038